"The Council held its six-monthly review of the European security and defence policy (ESDP)....welcomed the fact that member states have committed the required EU Battlegroup packages up to and including the first semester of 2010;
In that context,endorsed the declaration of the ministerial Civilian Capabilities Improvement Conference 2007 held in the margins of the Council and welcomed the adoption of the "Civilian Headline Goal 2010".
"Regarding the Middle East, the Council reiterated its strong support for the upcoming international meeting at Annapolis and the efforts of Palestinian President Abbas and Israeli Prime Minister Olmert. It looked forward to the achievement of concrete results leading to meaningful final status negotiations. It welcomed the EU Action Strategy submitted by the EU High Representative in full association with the Commission, which will be the basis for further work by the EU taking into account the results of the Annapolis meeting..."
Link to Pdf
Until the Ancient of days came, and judgment was given to the saints of the most High; and the time came that the saints possessed the kingdom. Daniel 7 KJV
... page 4 of the upcoming session of the WEU-assembly states for
This is about Solana's next 2 years as WEU Boss.
In 2004 "Javier Solana’s mandate as Secretary-General of WEU had been extended by the member states until November 2007 (with the possibility of a further two-year extension thereafter). see here.
But the WEU has more plans. It seems they cannot wait until the expiration of that time,as in 2009 they await the EU Reform Treaty in place. This would give them finally the legal power they need. Please read the following statements from their very own papers:
"Paris 22 oct 2007:Members of the Assembly met with the Permanent Representatives of the WEU Permanent Council/EU Political and Security Committee on 18 October in Brussels (European Room, Belgian Chamber of Representatives).
The Ambassadors representing the member states on the EU’s Political and Security Committee also form the Permanent Council of WEU, which holds regular meetings with the Assembly Committees.
The parliamentarians also had the opportunity to discuss ESDP questions with General Henri BENTEGEAT, Chairman of the EU Military Committee,
(Bentegeat said on this occasion:
„If Europe wishes to count tomorrow in that new world, in alliances chosen and consolidated by itself, then it must emerge from its chrysalis. It has proven itself capable of action in the field of security and defence and must now assert its role on the political stage”, he concluded.” (The French (Sarkozy) plan to do so during the time of their EU Presidency, read about it here.)
and Mr Hilmar LINNENKAMP, Deputy Chief Executive of the European Defence Agency (EDA),(farmer: the EDA, part of the ESDP, was created in an Council Joint Action in 2004, July 12, Monday of Solana's birthdayweek, and places the Agency under the authority of the Council) and to hear an analysis by Mr Antonio MISSIROLI, Director of Studies at the European Policy Centre,where he underlined that the provisions of the Reform Treaty, if it were to be quickly ratified, would pave the way for progress on the CFSP/ESDP. The Union High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, who would also be Commission Vice-President in charge of External Relations, would bring together the different strands of the Union’s external action, which in the future would be the responsibility of a new European External Action Service.
Mr.Linnenkamp commended the Assembly on the quality of its report on the European Defence Agency (“The European Defence Agency two years on”, Assembly Document 1965, submitted by Mr Yves POZZO DI BORGO (France, non affiliated) on behalf of the Technological and Aerospace Committee and adopted on 6 June 2007), which in his view was the best reference work on the EDA to have been published so far. In answer to the “Pas si vite!” of certain member states the Agency could only reiterate that it was time for them to follow words with deeds and above all with financial commitments.
The Agency was, in fact, a “cultural experiment” in developing a more European and less national mindset."
Senator Philippe MONFILS (Belgium, Liberal Group) welcomed his colleagues and expressed the hope for “rapid and pragmatic results” in the field of ESDP. The President of the Assembly, Jean-Pierre MASSERET, noted in his opening remarks that democracy was the “capacity to state things the way they are”. It was important, he said, to be frank about the problems in order to be better able to surmount them and enable the ESDP to move forward more quickly.
Ambassador DURRANT PAIS took stock of Europe’s progress in the area of military and civil capabilities, in particular as regards the setting-up of an EU civilian command and control structure and the operational readiness of the battlegroups for EU rapid reaction operations. He welcomed the substantial progress made by the European Defence Agency. Finally, he recalled that the EU-Africa dialogue was a major priority of the Portuguese Presidency. Among the issues raised in the questions put by the members of the Assembly to the Ambassadors were the battlegroups, which several parliamentarians thought were in danger of losing their credibility if they were not put to use over the next year,(farmer: Sic!!) and the usefulness of having an EU permanent operational headquarters.http://www.assembly-weu.org/en/presse/cp/2007/33-2007.php
The praised document "The European Defence Agency two years on”, was adopted on 06.06.07, one year after Solana went to Iran in the name of USA, EU, UN, CHINA and Russia, is really worth reading:
Recommendation 803 - 2 years on from now
"ix) Considering that in order to strengthen and develop the EDA's role, its current status needs to be enhanced so as to incorporate the Agency into the institutional framework of the Union in accordance with the provisions of the draft Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe (Article III-311);
(x) Considering that the EDA should acquire a role in the area of European defence capabilities, equipment and technologies, and that of the defence industry and market, similar to one played by the Commission in the civilian and security sectors;
(xiii) ....synergy between the civilian, security and defence sectors should be promoted, particularly in the area of security and defence research, technology and development;
xviii) Taking the view therefore that it is desirable for the EDA participating states and the European non-EU NATO member states to reach an agreement on mutual cooperation between the EDA and the corresponding NATO bodies, in particular the NATO Command, Control and Consultation Agency (NC3A) and the Allied Command Transformation (ACT);
(xix) Considering, that being the case, that the EDA should be given a remit for external relations and international cooperation programmes, including those outside the transatlantic framework;"
"RECOMMENDS THAT THE COUNCIL CALL ON THE WEU MEMBER STATES, AS STATES PARTICIPATING IN THE EUROPEAN DEFENCE AGENCY, TO
Reach a compromise on a pluriannual budget and programme of work for the European Defence Agency; Gradually increase the EDA's human and material resources and, following the process of European institutional reform due to be completed in 2009, envisage incorporating the Agency into the EU institutional framework in accordance with the provisions of the draft Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe;
Envisage giving the EDA powers of supervision over the application of and compliance with the provisions of the voluntary intergovernmental Code of Conduct on Defence Procurements based on the principle of "Community subsidiarity";
worth a read is also the "EXPLANATORY MEMORANDUM"
submitted by Yves Pozzo di Borgo, also to be found here.
It describes the players in the EU defence system and how they developed and are related to each other.
"6. The great strategic shock of the 21st century following the al-Qa'ida attacks on the United States, in New York and Washington, was to make the transformation of Europe even more pressing. Headline Goal 2003 became Headline Goal 2010, the quest for capabilities accelerated. The Union acquired a European Security Strategy (ESS), endeavoured to get a constitution adopted, and finally established the European Defence Agency, the missing link in the process of acquiring a European capability. Except in the matter of collective defence, the Union is now a defence alliance for the protection of its "regional" interests and also an "offensive" organisation for the defence of its interests in the world.
7. The European Defence Agency is part of this, the Union's long march to power. Established in 2004, it is now, in 2007, a central player in the ESDP..."
"8. 2003 was also marked by another event in the institutional life of the European Union. On 12 December 2003, the European Council meeting in Brussels adopted the European Security Strategy (ESS), aptly entitled "A secure Europe in a better world". -(farmer: Solanas paper)"
Especially interesting is the part about EDA and the Commission.(points 24.,25.,29.-35.)
EDA is under direct control of the Council (SG Solana) and it needs more money (better more than their own annualy budget) and the Commission is where the money sits (about ten times more, available for every year of the 7thEUbudgetaryframework 2007-2013) And with Solana sitting also there and with the treaty in place, the military guys have qualified hopes to get more chocolate for their cake.
"35.By cooperating in neighbouring or common fields, the Agency and the Commission would reduce unnecessary duplication. That in turn could reduce the time required for research and development, ensure better use of public and private investments, more harmonisation and closer collaboration between the security and defence sectors for the purposes of internal, "Homeland Security" and also for external protection missions. The Commission also has a Joint Research Centre comprising seven civil research institutes in Europe. Their activities include many examples of dual civil-defence security activities,..."
"36. However, for legal reasons peculiar to the European Union, the EDA is not yet able to draw on the Commission's financial resources. ...
37. So, despite the approval of an intergovernmental Code of Conduct on defence procurement, under which the EDA is supposed to be responsible for information in this connection, the Commission is continuing to play an active part in this field, following up on its 2004 Green Paper. On 7 December 2006, it published its Interpretative Communication on the application of Article 296 of the Treaty in the field of public defence contracts12. This document is the prelude to a directive to be presented to the Council in the second half of 2007, a directive that will be transposed into national law and will then become binding on the states."
Interesting are also the parts on Long-Term Vision(LTV) for European defence capability (113.-118.)
"115...ESDP operations will be expeditionary, multinational and multi-instrument, directed at achieving security and stability more than `victory'. Information will be critical, whether informing the `war of ideas' in cyberspace, or facilitating effective command decisions. `Asymmetry' will apply not merely to an opponent's tactics but also to his aims and values. In such circumstances, the military will be only one of a range of instruments applied to achieve the campaign goals."
The "LTV" is but the first step in what is virtually a complete overhaul of European defence under European Union auspices. It constitutes a roadmap that the EU member states.
And this is followed by:
"(b) The Capability Development Process
119.The emphasis here is on network enabled capability, one of the flagship projects being the European software defined radio project (SDR), approved by the Steering Board in November 2005. In this context, five European States - Finland, France, Italy, Spain and Sweden - have joined forces to launch a feasibility study on a European Secured Software Defined Radio Referential (ESSOR).
120.The objective is to achieve interoperability between European software defined radio systems (and also between European systems and the American equivalents) and to promote European technological and industrial solutions in this field. The project also has an important transatlantic dimension, since one of its objectives is to reach agreement on interoperable standards for Europe and the United States, including standards for development and production. The study should be completed early in the next decade, with a view to launching the development phase between 2010 and 2015. The ESSOR study has a budget of €100 million (managed by the participating states).
Software defined radio is part of the Agency's work in the field of network enabled capabilities32. Thus the Steering Board has set the Agency the following tasks:
establishing a roadmap beyond 2010 on "EU NEC [Network Enabled Capabilities] Concept" together with other EU actors and support Information Exchange Requirements (IER) work;
continue efforts on SATCOM for a better coordination of short term cooperation and initiate work on a common staff target for long-term needs;
intelligence: work further on the Balance of the variety of Intelligence-Surveillance-Reconnaissance (ISR) systems and their interoperability;
implement the Tactical Imagery Exploitation Station (TIES) project and develop the Universal Intelligence Analysis Tool (UIAT) project;
continue work on the potential restructuring of the DTIB.
In the area of network centric operations, the Agency will also have to collaborate with the NATO Allied Command Transformation,..."
The whole explanatory report is closed by Solanas words: (135.-136.):
"Any check or loss of momentum would have a lasting and detrimental effect on the ESDP and the development of EU defence capabilities. The only answer is growth and growth comes at a price, as underlined by the Head of the Agency and EU High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy (which includes the ESDP), Javier Solana, at the Agency's first R&T Conference in Brussels, in February 2006:
"First, spend more. I know this is difficult in a world of tight national finances. But it is an imperative nonetheless. Where defence budgets as such cannot be increased, we must work on redeploying funds within those budgets. Manpower costs currently account for more than 50% of European defence spending. But do we really need more than two million men and women in uniform in Europe? Much of our defence infrastructure is duplicative - between countries and between governments and industry. So let us find savings from rationalisation, to increase the proportion of money spent on investment.
Second, we must spend better, so that we get more output per euro spent. Above all, this requires a focus on key technologies of the future. Concretely, this means finding more flexible ways of doing business, particularly at the intergovernmental level. It also means looking at how we can embed new technologies quickly in existing platforms. And it involves matching the ever-shortening cycle times of the civilian world. We should also look at ways how we can harness the ingenuity of companies and universities that are not traditionally seen as part of the defence industry. The same goes for small and medium-sized firms which are often the source of innovation.
Third, and perhaps most important, we must spend more together. This is a fundamental issue and the main raison d'être of the Agency".
The message is clear and investing in the Agency is part of the effort that is required. It is the price that must be paid for autonomy, security of supply, and access to the best capabilities and technologies. The sector is still very scattered and fragmented but the instrument for rationalisation is already in their hands if only the member states realise its potential and decide to use it. This agent for change is the European Defence Agency: a strategic tool at the service of the European Security and Defence Policy for "a secure Europe in a better world".