Wednesday, October 06, 2010

going global


"Solana in the House of Peace" source UNANUE, Link

"The big issues facing the world such as poverty or climate change can not be solved with national solutions, but require the articulation of supranational organizations. This is the thesis defended yesterday the former Secretary General of NATO and former head of foreign policy and EU security chief Javier Solana at the seminar On How to Govern Global Risks organized yesterday, the Basque Institute for Democratic Governance in House of Peace and Human Rights Aiete in San Sebastian.

"We have several years of transfers [of power] between states and within states." In the first case, Solana said that "perhaps since the First World War had not seen a similar transfer which is occurring from west to east, which requires making an effort" to adapt "to live with different values and cultures.

In his view, governments "have less power today than before." To explain this phenomenon, Solana appealed to the "incapacity" of the U.S. president, Barack Obama, to resolve the crisis by the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. In this situation, the former NATO secretary called for the creation of "institutions of global governance", although "difficult but not impossible."

Solana said that the current supranational institutions have generated "good things but also failure to solve problems." Among them, citing the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank, which "have proved unable to resolve the crisis" to the World Trade Organization, the "more globalized and fundamental to the crisis, because if we take another step back ever emerge from this situation" and the UN, whose structure is" not very confident of being able to carry out the problems it has. "

In a subsequent conversation held with this newspaper, Solana praised Obama's role in the peace process between Palestine and Israel. The U.S. president "is determined to solve this problem and hope that the November elections do not change the U.S. House so that it becomes more difficult the position of president," he said while recalling that Europe has supported the "provisoric Palestinian authority "for quite some time.

Regarding the expulsion of Gypsies in France, Solana said it was vital "to defend the law in the first place." He argued that the EU "does not allow the expulsion of European citizens, Romanians and Bulgarians are." Solana said that Brussels has reacted in an "orderly", with "good sense" and "union" against the crisis, and urged the consolidation of structures "more robust" governance in economic matters."The European Union is the most beautiful building that was built after the Second World War, better we care," he concluded..

In the initial part of his speech, Solana won over the audience to show his support for the candidacy of San Sebastian to be the European cultural capital in 2016. "I will work to make this happen," he vowed amid applause." Link


- Opening the scenario, what are the new relations of power that looms behind this crisis?
- There will be a major change in the distribution of power in the world. Some trends were known before, but others have accelerated the crisis. Basically there is a transfer of power from the classic statements of what we call the West to the Pacific and Indian Oceans. And within states, there is an internal power transfer between governments, markets and even non-state organizations, some good as those devoted to generosity, but also to terrorist groups or the new piracy that has appeared in the seas of Somalia , which have a power that had not previously.
- How should Europe react to the emergence of Asian countries?
- To continue to play an important role in a changing world, Europe must unite more. It is increasingly difficult, a fantasy to think that a single country in this complex world can have some influence. And then look at the foreign and security policy of the EU. But we must do it quickly.
- What do you think the Spanish government's reaction to the crisis?
- The Government acts as to act from the point of view of the obligations undertaken with the European Union. The reaction coincided with our presidency (EU), therefore, decisions were for all countries, and are taken from the best possible way to fit a very difficult situation.
- Are we, then, to a historic shift?
- A change that had occurred a long time.
Since the Industrial Revolution, the center of gravity of the world is located in Europe.The increased productivity and the colonization process allowed this small part of the world have a vital leadership to almost World War. Then it began to have a small transfer of power to the United States. It is with the Second World War when the United States becomes the number one power in the Western world. But it was an easy transfer of power because, ultimately, was among members of the family as very close ties. Now, it is to countries like China or India who have a different worldview and, therefore, we must be able to adapt to each other to jointly cope with the problems the world.
- And in this change of cycle, what role the games played?
- We must be able to be more functional, today's problems can not be resolved with the low gears, we must put on the high gears. Are strategic issues rather because sometimes we are not well prepared to face them.
How do you interpret the alienation from the political class?
- I think there is some confusion and concern among citizens because of the crisis, the uncertainties ... is a fear of fear. We must see among us some reassurance because if we do things right no reason not to go. We went through very difficult times, and when political will and leadership had been resolved. Maybe now there is less quality and less leadership solutions for people and institutions.
- Is there a crisis left?
- The Left by definition is required I do not know if the meet ever-better understand the structure of the public. And being able to give answers that are at the height of the times.
- Having trouble adapting back to the 'civil life' after all these years in politics?
- I start to get used to, but I think it cost me to go. What I like is being able to repay part of my experience to serve my country as a committed citizen. The worst thing is having the narrow-minded, there must be a citizen of the world, concerned about their problems. It is the best way to understand and solve yours.
(farmer: on Saturday(Oct2) I had cited an article on the AoC based on Maximo Cajal writings: "
"The aim of the initiative is for all the citizens of the world to unite in placing their universal citizenship before their condition as citizens of a country, religion or civilization. The Alliance of Civilizations..." ("HOW UNIVERSITIES CAN CONTRIBUTE TO AN ALLIANCE OF CIVILIZATIONS")(based on papers of Zapatero and Maximo Cajal)LINK)

- Do you think ex-renowned political leaders must continue to participate in public life?
- Be useful means to express what one thinks, give advice when asked, not complicate. Being part of the solution not the problem.
- How is the current political landscape in Spain?
- My memories take me some situations better than what we are seeing now from the point of view of the consensus or dialogue between different political forces. I would like to see more cooperation." Link

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