Friday, September 24, 2010

"This is my Europe"


After twenty years in various roles including that of having represented the image outside the EU, Javier Solana is the politician most international of Spain. Completed public accountability, he talks with journalist Lluís Bassets on the state of Europe and the world. The result is the book 'Reclaiming of politics'.

Question. When in May 2007 you were awarded the Charlemagne Prize, the highest award for Europe by the city of Aachen, you, in the midst of crisis and stagnation of the Constitution, claimed to Europe as a global actor, is speaking with one voice " . Considered that there should be a "decisive factor in peace and global stability. "This is my Europe," you concluded. How far we are right now on his European dream?

Answer. The economic crisis, the main problem we have, has concentrated most of our energies.But do not forget that there is no possibility of international action unless from a continental shelf. No Member State can do it alone. We have interests to preserve, threats we face, global issues that affect us and on which we must make our voices heard and whose resolving often rely on us. We need much more than a market and a regional stabilization project. That is the Europe I want, a Union with a genuine common foreign and defense policy and effective security. But we can only develop a genuine foreign policy if we endow it with the necessary structures, which means first of all institutions that are well conceived and designed. Institutions that allow us to act together in a world in which Europe exists and has effects only when acting as such, ie, when the Europeans act collectively. The new European Foreign Service we are creating will be a key tool in that.

Q. You had already been appointed in 2005 as High Representative

[Under the European Constitution, although it never entered into force] and then with the French referendum and the Netherlands, everything was in the air.

R. In this issue there is little change between the Constitution and Lisbon. It is true that after the failure of the Constitution there were times that it was backing up. Doubts began to grow until 2007, when Merkel took up the issue during the German presidency. Two years were really anxious, very difficult, because I was not sure what was then recovered by the eaves. In a speech on the occasion of the Charlemagne Award I called to follow her not losing time and we left the institutional crisis. I urged Merkel to give a commitment to support and bring up the treaty in the same 2007, before the end of the German presidency in June. And it was actually she who got them to take the big step. (...)

Q. You must be the bug will not be able to use the huge levers that opened the new office.

A. If it had approved in 2005, I dare say that many things would have been different, not only in the field of foreign and security policy, because we would have reached 2009 with a tried and shot in all its dimensions. And we faced the the economic crisis in circumstances far more clear from the institutional point of view. In 2005, that made the first treaty, which was called the Constitution, they were still another group of leaders: Chirac, Schroeder ... This followed by a moment of emptiness because the treaty not only fell through, but there came a new generation and the largest ever enlargement, which was only a year earlier. Without the treaty and with great doubts about the direction Europe should take. Imagine if that had been the opposite. We would have been in a situation infinitely better.

Q. And now, with the profile of the new charges, "the risk may not be not used all the levers?

A. I do not think that happens for people. They are important, no doubt, but the key is always the institutions. (...)

A. I understand that the rhythms can sometimes be too fast for some societies. But such is the evidence that we need more people, you have to held the debate on immigration, without going into demagoguery or xenophobia. We must recognize, first, that there is a problem, and second, that part of the problem is the solution, as we need immigration, and third, that such a solution, as it is new, creates misgivings as many other new solutions (farmer: typical 'Club of Rome'-talk, LINK). We've been through similar difficulties, and what we know is that in the end we will have to adapt, because they are necessary issues in our collective life.

P. That is, accustomed to thinking that this is not a society with a single color, religion, language and way of seeing the world, but many

R. Yes, but first let's put it in selfish terms. We need immigrants and therefore have to open the doors. Second, let us see in terms of solidarity: in 2025, in Africa, ie in the continent closer to us physically, which are separated by very little sea-the Mediterranean is not the Atlantic Ocean, "50% of the population will have less than 18 years. What does that mean in terms of education, employment, etc.? If they are given financial assistance for development, education and health, eventually crossing the sea.And then the problems will be even greater. This is a reflection that has a strong self-interest, but there is an interest that is linked to economic necessity and one that is linked to moral values, which I certainly try to defend...

A. I'm more optimistic. The need is so clear you will have to come the way of dealing with the crisis and do it well. I see it, because it's that if not, we will go very badly around the world. The States and the European Union. I see no formula to mobilize this group, this group, a European policy. I think the crisis forces them. That's my hope.

P. With the stakes were really very clear in relation to Paris and Bonn, then the German capital. Aznar played the London-Rome Axis. Zapatero has tried to return the Berlin-Paris axis, but this no longer exists. What are the natural alliances of Spain?

A. The classic already known. But in an enlarged Europe, including Spain's obligations to recover I would highlight the proximity to the East, especially with Poland, that would be very important. There's a good chemistry from country to country, regardless of leadership. And there's also plenty to do economically. Our business and economic world has forgotten that there is a part of Europe, very interesting, with which we deal not enough. LINK

"Dinner Awards Atlantic Council of Freedom 2010 will be held on Thursday, October 7 in Wroclaw, Poland, as part of the Global Forum...During the night will also be honored with Freedom Awards Polish President Alexander Kwasniewski, President of the European Parliament Jerzy Buzek, and former NATO Secretary General and High Representative of the European Union, Javier Solana." Link

"In 1976 Mao dies and China changed. Before long this country has brought extreme poverty to a [part of] the population as the United States ... The transformation has been radical since 1989 [fall of the Soviet regime]. The transfer of power to the Pacific is fantastic. How are we going to adapt in the Atlantic? "asked Solana." LINK

"Solana has reviewed his career in foreign policy and says that what has "frustrated, sentimental and emotionally" most is "not being able to have seen" peace in the Middle East during his tenure as EU representative.

He referred to the war in Afghanistan - "a big mistake, has considered and recommended" the holding "in the shortest time possible" conference "of many neighboring countries," China's "very common interests, very important. "

He avoided entering national politics, but has said that Zapatero will check "all hands that call me, they asked me and ask me if I ask for them"...LINK

"I believe in politics ... Politics is not just management, not management, is much more than that. Is that people will understand and know where you're going. The policy must be pedagogical and has to be leadership. In part this is to the future, and for that we must have a vision of the future. " LINK

stay tuned!


Monday, September 13, 2010

speed of light

"Javier Solana relives his past as a teacher by training future business leaders and managers at the ESADE business school, as he defines as the most important change in his life. On the other side of the stage waiting for a very demanding public.

"Probably the biggest change in my life. I do not leave my public functions, but I miss being in politics, although I stay committed to my country. I live still with an intense movement, going abroad a lot. Now I will try to re-broadcast in my country as much as you can about the historical events that have had the privilege of living. And as best I can do is through education, not only in the training of business leaders but also public institutions, " said Solana.

The challenge

His new life takes place even between trips, meetings, interviews and negotiations with international leaders at the request of his acquaintances and colleagues, who continue asking for his intervention and collaboration on specific issues of international politics: "I remain deeply committed to European and international issues because I called to offer me things and I will not stop helping. This also provides me the opportunity to be a day at my classes. As the world changes to the speed of light must also learn to lightning speed. "...

Solana was delighted. "I have nothing but satisfaction. I have taught and I've always liked to teach and communicate. The policy also has a component of education because it is not just manage, but to understand why things are done. I like it have a good time, " he explains...


As it could not be otherwise, the former secretary general of NATO attaches enormous importance to the training of our leaders in the international geopolitical aspects. "I think it's very important that the public and business leaders have sufficient knowledge to analyze well what happens in the world, because the decisions are no longer local. Today you can not occupy a position of responsibility without a greater knowledge of the Spanish have had historically in other countries. We are in a changing world and a tremendously high speed, and is essential to know the trends that will move the world, "he stresses."


Sunday, September 12, 2010

Israel rejects visit by European Union ministers

"Israel has refused to receive a delegation of five senior European foreign ministers who had asked to come to the country this coming Thursday for talks in both Jerusalem and Ramallah. A senior official in Jerusalem said the official reason Israel declined the request was scheduling problems, but the real reason was a desire to avoid heavy European pressure on Israel to extend the settlement construction freeze beyond the end of this month...

Kouchner and Moratinos recruited their counterparts from Britain, Germany and Italy to join a delegation to Israel and the Palestinian Authority in an effort to advance the peace process. The delegation would have followed by one day Wednesday's planned visit by U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. A senior official in Jerusalem said Israel had learned that the first subject the EU foreign ministers wished to raise with Israel was an extension of the settlement construction freeze, and as a result, following deliberations at the Foreign Ministry, it was decided to decline the request for the visit to Jerusalem. The official reason for the negative Israeli response was that the visit would be too close to Yom Kippur, which begins Friday evening.

The five EU foreign ministers had initially intended to visit at the beginning of the month at the invitation of Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman. The major focus of the talks was to have been the Gaza Strip, but the visit was deferred due to the Washington summit. The senior Israeli official said now the EU ministers are not interested in discussing Gaza and, in his words, "only want to come to talk about the settlement freeze and the peace process." LINK

Friday, September 10, 2010

Moratinos said he would travel to the Middle East to promote peace process

"Brussels, 10 sep (EFE) .- Spanish Foreign Minister Miguel Angel Moratinos, said today he will travel to the Middle East in a few weeks in international efforts to promote the peace process between Israelis and Palestinians.

Moratinos, in a statement to reach an informal meeting of Foreign ministers of the EU, said the trip will "most likely" after the UN General Assembly, which begins on the 14th in New York.

The minister said that at its last meeting with his French counterpart, Bernard Kouchner, agrees on the need to travel to the area, while the Italian owner, Franco Frattini, has launched the initiative for a visit to Gaza.

"This visit is pending and will carry out to accompany U.S. efforts (mediation), but also that they are defending European interests" in the area, the official said Spanish Foreign.

Moratinos explained that the UN General Assembly will have the opportunity to meet with key players in the region...

He added that regular contact with U.S. Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton, with Washington's special envoy for the Middle East, George Mitchell, and with Israeli and Palestinian leaders"


China, Japan go toe-to-toe over islets

Analysis: Minor spat over fishing rights reveals shifting power balance in Asia:

Thursday, September 09, 2010



"Brasilia, Sep 10 (Prensa Latina) Brazilian Foreign Minister Celso Amorim, traveled today to Geneva, Switzerland, for a working visit of five days, during which lectures and hold meetings with representatives of international organizations.

Tomorrow will be the keynote speaker Amorim panel security systems and institutions: Regional Perspectives at the Eighth Annual Conference of the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS, for its acronym in English), under the theme of governance of global security and new distribution of power.

The Brazilian Foreign Minister shared the table with his Indian counterpart, Nirupama Rao, the former senior representative of the European Union for the Common Foreign and Security Policy, Javier Solana, and John Chipman, chief executive of the IISS.

"‘Global security governance and the emerging distribution of power’ is the theme under which the 8th Annual IISS Global Strategic Review (GSR) will be convened in Geneva on 10-12 September 2010. The GSR is an essential forum for those seeking to understand the forces shaping global security.

The keynote speech will be delivered by Dr Henry Kissinger, Former US Secretary of State and National Security Advisor. Other speakers will include James Steinberg, US Deputy Secretary of State; Celso Amorim, Minister for External Affairs of Brazil; and Dr Liam Fox, UK Secretary of State for Defence."

Read the full agenda:

10:30-12:00 Second Plenary Session

Security Systems and Institutions: Regional Perspectives
Chair: Dr John Chipman

Director-General and Chief Executive, IISS

Ambassador Celso Amorim

Minister of External Relations of Brazil

Ambassador Jayant Prasad,
Special Secretary, Ministry of External Affairs, India

Javier Solana

President of the Centre for Global Economics and Geopolitcs, ESADE Business School;
and Former EU High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy