Tuesday, May 31, 2011

Solana and Crook on Obama's policy

"The commentator of the newspaper "The Financial Times' Clive Crook warned Tuesday in Madrid that the U.S. may need another financial crisis to force their politicians to make tax reform the entire system.

Along with Javier Solana, President of ESADEgeo, Crook has given a vision of American society and the division currently suffers American country's political policies and different ways of seeing the economy.
"The problem is that there is a plan to end the fiscal crisis in the U.S. and the two factions in Washington are competing for not approving the plan," said Crook, as it implies a general increase taxes and a loss of purchasing power Americans who hurt politically approved.

The analyst warned that the U.S. will need a major crisis to get out of its fiscal crisis and criticized the comments of some Republican politicians who claim that the change of president in 2012, should resolve the problems, because "when has something been resolved with U.S. elections? ".
"Financial institutions have more power than they really want to support the U.S. authorities," said Crook, who noted that mechanisms should be adopted so that entities can not fall, instead of making laws to rescue banks. The journalist went for an international legislation to end the problems that exist in many countries, including the large premium payments to executives and the behavior of some officers "reckless."

For his part, Solana said the chief U.S. military said weeks ago that the biggest problem for the security of your country is the huge deficit and debt that currently the United States.

Crook earlier criticized the U.S. government, headed by George W. Bush, on his tax policy as beeing "reckless" and praised Obama, who she said sympathize with many of its policies, for his criticism of the tax system. However, the reporter noted that Obama has done nothing to change these policies, as they promised not to raise taxes for 98 percent of the population, so it only has launched a tax reform for the rich.

The commentator described as "great anomaly" that the U.S. did not have a healthcare plan for the entire population, so favored the controversial reform of President Obama. However, he noted that there are some points they disagree, as few controls on health costs.
Crook believes that Obama might have convinced the Republicans and the public to support some of the points of the reform, but instead let the Congress engaged in the deliberations and public opinion through the media , judged freely, causing a "tremendous polarization in society.

"It seems that Americans remain in a civil war, especially those who are politically engaged," he said about the emergence of right-wing movements as the 'Tea Party' or groups requesting political left. "The extremes are very influential people downtown is becoming more skeptical about politics," he said. Crook said that the Europeans have been criticized on many occasions the position of adopting the U.S. command in many international issues, but today many countries of the Old Continent criticize Obama's lack of leadership to emerging economies and other powers.
The Europeans have no right to be disappointed with Obama on this issue because it is just what I have called" for a long time, said the commentator. Link

Monday, May 30, 2011

js on the future of EU

Clive Crook (born 1953 in Yorkshire) is an columnist for the Financial Times, National Journal and a senior editor at Atlantic Monthly. For twenty years he held various editorial positions at The Economist. (Per wikipedia).

He co-chaired the Copenhagen Consensus project in 2006, framing global development priorities for the coming decades together with Nobel laureates and other world renowned economists.

Actually the Copenhagen text sounded much as coming from a Solana paper at that time, as I have shown before.

Crook has co-authored The Economist Book Globalisation: Making Sense of an Integrating World: Reasons, Effects and Challenges .

Today Javier Solana and Clive Crook give an analysis on the present situation and on the future of the Europan Union at 9:00a.m
At-- 9.00 horas: Javier Solana y Clive Crook analizarán la situación política actual y futura de EE.UU, en Mateo Inurria, 27.-http://www.finanzas.com/noticias/bolsas/2011-05-30/493210_agenda-informativa-europa-press-para.html
stay tuned!


interesting connection: ESADE, LACAIXA, EARTH CHARTER, NWO

M. Dolors Oller i Sala

is a Doctor of Law at the University of Barcelona, a Professor of Social Ethics in the Institute of Religious Sciences of Barcelona (ISCREB) and a
collaborating Professor in the Department of Social Sciences of ESADE

"This booklet finds its origin in the conference that took
place on March 12th 2007 in Girona, as part of the course
«Beliefs and Society», organised by the Caixa Girona
Foundation and the Diocese of Girona, in the Cultural
Centre of Caixa Girona-Fontana d’Or."

from page 27: "The ecological crisis that we are
suffering now offers us the opportunity
to learn how to live another way,
restoring this fair balance which is also
sought in the Map of the World (b.f.: meaning "Earth Charter"),
a declaration of fundamental ethical
principles and a code of practice, with
the aim of becoming a universal code of
conduct to guide people and nations
towards sustainable development
Globalisation has made us realise
again that we are part of the same
species that share the same biosphere.
And here is another important aspect
that religions could help to develop:
caring; taking care of the human being
and of the eco-system in order to avoid
the excesses of consumerism and the
destruction of the environment. The
social crisis that we are going through is
closely linked to the ecological crisis,
since both have the effect of harming
our shared home, that is the Earth,
opening the door to the destruction of
eco-systems and making it impossible
to live together harmoniously. Together
they share the same origin «the crisis of
human awareness».
It is only through dialogue between
different religious and cultural
traditions that we can find the antidote
to the consuming anxiety facing
western civilisation.
The East has a lot
to say and to teach us on the subject of
caring for and showing respect towards
all of Creation, as well as controlling
our superfluous needs. We should not
forget that Eastern religious traditions
(Hinduism, Buddhism, and other
indigenous religions) place a great
emphasis on the harmony of man and
Nature, while religions from the Semitic
tradition (Judaism, Christianity and
Islam) place the emphasis on man and
lean towards suggesting his dominion
over Nature. Eastern religions and
cultures have a more holistic approach
and put man on the same level as other
living things, always emphasising
harmony and balance. If being a
politician means taking care of people
and their needs, and carrying this out
with justice, we can then understand
the importance of the role of women in
building these new models, as well as
the sensibilities that need to be taken
into account when forming a new type
of politics. The feminine aspect of
caring links perfectly well with the
notion of compassion that is so typical
of Eastern religious traditions, as well as
with the idea of a compassionate and
kind God, whose great mercy is spoken
about in the Old Testament, and also
communicated through the life and acts
Jesus of Nazareth.
Humanity needs to form an alliance
to take care of the Earth and each other.
What would make this alliance possible
is the notion of sustainability
and taking
care, or behaving in a benevolent,
respectful and non-aggressive way
towards Nature which would allow us
to regenerate that which has been
devastated, and go on to proudly take
care of what remains of our natural
habitat, of which we form part, and with
which we share a common destiny "...! LINK
today: -- 11.30 horas: Javier Solana y Francisco González inauguran la conferencia "Construyendo un nuevo marco financiero internacional, con la intervención de Paul Volcker, Agustín Carstens, Henrique Meirelles y Xinghai Fang, en Castellana, 81. Link

Thursday, May 26, 2011

just a snippet, just an opinion from somebody in 2008...
"Re: A major war is about to break out.
Reply #112 - 08/15/08 at 06:41:59
a very critical point will be the arrest of MLADIC (is planned by the Serbian government because otherwise a membership in the EU can hardly be achieved), also accused of genocide and crimes against humanity. Mladic has far more popular support than Karadzic."

Today we have news from Mladics arrest...

"Former secretary general of NATO and former High Representative of the European Union, Javier Solana, today considered a "great news" the arrest in Serbia of Bosnian Serb former general Ratko Mladic, accused of war crimes.
Speaking to EFE, Solana noted that the capture of Mladic is "fantastic news" that is expected for a long time and has acknowledged that an operation was "very difficult" because "it has been able to hide for a long time, probably helped by others in the region. "

The important thing is that Mladic will be before the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), "having a fair trial," which opens new avenues for the Balkans, Europe and the victims of Srebrenica, Solana stressed, currently a professor at ESADE.

The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia accused Mladic of genocide in Srebrenica, the siege of Sarajevo and other crimes committed during the Bosnian war (1992-1995)
President Boris Tadic, today reported that Mladic was arrested in the territory of Serbia, but refused to give details, saying that will make the security services involved in the search and arrest.
According to Serbian media, Mladic was arrested in the village of Lazarevo, near the northern town of Zrenjanin, where he apparently hid under a false name at the home of relatives".

background is this: According to Alois Irlmaier of Bavaria, in a prophecy he made sometime 1950s, - "World War III will erupt after the confusions in the Balkans"". Brother Adam of Wuerzburg, Germany, in the 1960s prophesied that, - "The war will break out in the southeast, but that is only a ruse. Thus the opposition is to be misled; Russia long prepared its plan of attack. Each Russian officer has the movement order already in the bag and waits only for the word" . Another prophecy, made by a Nun of the Queen Brigite Order says, - "The Third World War will begin a few days after the murder of a leader in the sector of Yugoslavia-Hungary". (see first link)

stay tuned!

dinner in Cairo

"The analysis of the current transition process in Egypt in a comparative perspective is the goal of the international seminar, which runs Saturday and Sunday in Cairo, where the democratic experiment and Portugual will also be addressed.

The meeting, sponsored by the Institute for Security Studies European Union (EUISS / ISS) and the Arab Forum for Alternatives (AFA), includes the collaboration of other institutions, which highlight the Institute of Strategic and International Studies (IEEI) Lisbon the Portuguese Institute for Development Support (IPAD) and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Spain.

As of the meeting held in March in the capital of Tunisia and discussed the situation in the country after the "revolution of jasmine" in January, the analysis of transition processes in countries of southern Europe in the 1970s, particularly Portugal and Spain, which justifies the Portuguese delegation is the most numerous among the foreign guests present in the Egyptian capital.

Alv aro de Vasconcelos, Director of EUISS, Guilherme d'Oliveira Martins, as chairman of the National Cultural Centre, the lawyer José Luis da Cruz Vilaca and journalist Teresa de Sousa are confirmed attendees. Similar to what happened in Tunis, the meeting will be closed on Sunday afternoon by Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, João Gomes Cravinho, and also by Mohamed El-Baradei, former director of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA ), and Nobel Peace Prize candidate for presidential elections in Egypt.

Among the responsible participation of Egyptians, the focus is on ElShobaki Amr, who runs the ASA and preside at the opening session alongside Alvaro de Vasconcelos and José Yañez-Barrionuevo, State Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Spain.

On Saturday dinner is planned an intervention of Javier Solana, former secretary general of NATO and former representative for common foreign and security policy of the European Union. "Link

Exeptional leadership?

"ESADE Business School today presented a new course specifically aimed at CEOs of multinational companies to be internationalized. The Master is called Global Advanced Management Program GAMP-(or global advanced management program), to be held in collaboration with Georgetown University (USA).
"We want to be leaders that are comprehensive, innovative and socially responsible, which is what the multinationals are going to need in the coming years," said Eugenia Bieto the presentation, the Director General of ESADE.
These two entities, both run by the Jesuits, and had formed a partnership to develop joint activities. Three years ago organized the Global Executive MBA, executive with eight years experience as a minimum. But now go a step further and set up training for CEOs.
The GAMP has two separate editions, and each consists of three modules of three weeks duration. Each module is taught in one city, so that managers will move to different campus. The first edition has as its Washington headquarters, São Paulo and Madrid. And the second change in the Brazilian city of Dubai.
The first session begins in the U.S. capital in November this year. Each issue has a cost of $ 32,400 (23,000 euros). Classes include meetings with CEOs of multinational companies, discussions with authors of best sellers about business and visits to leading companies in different sectors.
The faculty will
be Javier Solana, President of the Center for Global Economics and Geopolitics of ESADE, which was agreed upon in December 2009 by the Spanish business school.
Bieto said that companies are asking for their top executives, especially, leadership training "at a time of crisis that motivating employees is a very complex task, as well as requesting, rather than technical," a more global view of business "in sessions focused on short training periods." Link

"Ravi Chaudhry is a thorough gentleman. He is brave and well-meaning. His heart goes out to the deprived and he wants to improve their lot in the world by changing it. So did the Ingenious Gentleman of La Mancha.
In Quest for Exceptional Leadership Mr Chaudhry seeks to change the world by transforming business leaders. Leadership follows the description Keynes gave for economics: “An easy subject, at which few excel.” Mr Chaudhry’s book, unfortunately, is unlikely to improve the odds.

As a provider of strategic advisory services to CEOs, Mr Chaudhry has spent a lifetime observing corporate chieftains at close quarters and the picture he paints is not pretty. “A majority of corporate CEOs tend to sacrifice their own company’s long-term value to meet short-term targets”; “… in politics or in business … it is chic to resort to unethical practices”; “… nominated heads of large enterprises … are willing to ruthlessly thwart any attempts that could dilute their clout or control. They think they have an immutable entitlement to reshuffle reality and bend or twist anyone or anything that comes in their way”.
While much of this may ring true, beyond a point Mr Chaudhry starts sounding like a modern-day Jeremiah who sees conspiracy and doom everywhere. “In any government anywhere in the world today, the economic agenda … is invariably dominated by large corporations that prevail upon the state to do their bidding.” His view of history, built from reading tracts like When Corporations Rule the World and Corporation Nation: How Corporations Are Taking Over Our Lives can also be similarly angled. For instance, he writes: “The birth of the United States was itself the result of a rebellion against corporations, which had been deployed as instruments of abusive power by British kings.” Similarly, his five-phase depiction of the evolution of Human Enterprise – starting with Strong Fish eating Weak Fish (from the beginning of recorded history till the 17th century) and culminating with Realistic Fish eating Unrealistic Fish (beginning now) – is amusing but hardly credible. What he calls Leadership Lessons from History are actually his summaries on the leadership principles contained in the works of Ptahhotep, Patanjali, Lao-Tzu, Plato, Kautilya and Machiavelli. His inference that Plato was a champion of democracy and his excoriation of Machiavelli force one to question the depth of Mr Chaudhry’s study of those thinkers on his list who are not Indian.
Like any self-respecting prophet, Mr Chaudhry also holds out heavenly hopes if his prescriptions are followed. To make his picture of paradise appear different from other panacea-peddlers, he concocts an unending series of acronyms and re-brands existing bandwagons before boarding them. For instance, according to him, CSR needs to be turbo-charged to aim for ISR (Individual Social Responsibility), Triple Bottom Line must be extended to become Triple Top Line, NGOs should elevate themselves into IPCs (Institutions to Promote Consciousness), MBAs must aim to be MBCs (Masters in Business with Conscience) and even the prosaic 360-view must expand to the 720-view favoured by the geometrically challenged. Unlike the prophets of old, who made plutocratic entry into paradise problematic, Mr Chaudhry adopts the pragmatic Indian approach which gives rich donors privileged access to darshan. His “firm conviction” about having a two-tier society, which freezes the division between today’s “haves” and “have-nots”, appears in the Epilogue: “The planet has enough resources to enable today’s rich … to continue to maintain their current lifestyles … and all the rest to live decent, happy lives with enough to eat and a roof over their head ….” Aspiring Antilla builders can breathe easy if the revolution is led by Mr Chaudhry.
The path to Exceptional Leadership charted by Mr Chaudhry demands three physical traits (intelligence, energy and professional will), three mind traits (realistic visionary, transactional skill and perseverance) and, at the apex, three traits of the heart (wholeness, compassion and transparency). Mr Chaudhry doesn’t pause too long over the physical and mind traits. His heart is in the traits of the heart and he devotes a chapter each to all three. These chapters contain some of the most turgid and repetitious parts of the book where it is difficult to spot the text for the quotes. It is obvious that Mr Chaudhry is an ardent devotee of Swami Chinmayananda, a great admirer of the Dalai Lama and an insatiable devourer of books written by Ervin László, Sogyal Rinpoche and their ilk. Readers who don’t share these tastes might find these chapters heavy going.
As far as learning about exceptional leadership from this book is concerned, one is inclined to agree with the shepherd from Paul Coelho’s The Alchemist who Mr Chaudhry quotes as saying: “I usually learn more from my sheep than from my books.” But if we lay aside the “impossible dream” of converting most CEOs into exceptional leaders, there are numerous factoids and references in Quest for Exceptional Leadership that are both instructive and worth exploring further. In this regard, the industriously compiled notes section is as useful as the text of the book itself. They are both indicative of the earnestness of Mr Chaudhry’s quest for creating a better corporate world. Don Quixote didn’t manage to change the world but the world would be poorer if people like him didn’t try."


Monday, May 16, 2011

Our world in 2011

"Erdogan, Tony Blair, Dominiquie Strauss-Kahn, Javier Solana, Joseph E. Stiglitz...
more than 60 leading thinkers visualize our world in 2011"
Our World in 2011

Ron Paul (on Dominique Strauss-Kahns arrest):
"These are the kinds of people who are running the IMF" LINK

Wednesday, May 11, 2011

the report

the full text of the published report:

Javier Solana Madariaga presented in Istanbul the report "Living Together: Combining diversity and freedom in Europe in the twenty-first century" at the session of the Committee of Ministers on behalf of the Panel of Eminent Persons. Reviewing the problems posed by the resurgence of intolerance and discrimination in Europe, this report discusses the "threat" and suggested "the answer" for "living together" in European companies open.

Based on the principles of the European Convention on Human Rights, the Group highlights eight specific risks threatening the values ​​of the Council of Europe: the widespread intolerance, discrimination growing (especially against Roma and immigrants), supporting increasingly asserted that collect the xenophobic and populist parties, parallel societies, Islamist extremism, the loss of democratic freedoms, the presence of a population with virtually no rights and the possibility of a clash between "freedom of religion and freedom of expression.

The report highlights some of the factors underlying "threat": the insecurity induced by the financial crisis and the impression of a relative decline of the Old Continent, a distorted perception of immigration, viewed as massive an image Minorities biased and negative stereotypes in the media and in public opinion and, finally, shows a deficit of leadership that results in the absence of a clear vision of the destiny of Europe.

"The answer" is considering 59 "action proposals", the first 17 to be "policy recommendations" for the European institutions and their member states.The group lists the major players able to change attitudes: educators, media, employers and trade unions, civil society, cults and religious groups, celebrities and "model" towns and cities, member states and European and international organizations.

Among the 17 principles that form the Group insists that it is unnecessary to require immigrants to renounce their faith, their culture or their identity if they comply with the law ..." LINK

stay tuned!


Tuesday, May 10, 2011

Today, Tuesday 10 May Foreign Minister Carl Bildt will travel to Istanbul to attend the Council of Europe ministerial meeting.On the agenda for the meeting, among others, the Council of Europe's Neighbourhood Policy and a discussion of the organization's future, according to Joscha Fischer, Javier Solana, and others report "Living Together in the 21st century". Link

"Former Secretary General of NATO the former EU High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy Javier Solana, warned that Europe is climbing in xenophobia, Solana, stressed that an important social phenomenon ist that against new immigrants harsh policies of cultural diversity is applied against in Europe.

Solana stressed at his speech at the conference organized by the Sabanci University, in collaboration with the Washington-based Brookings Institution, that cultural diversity is a source of richness for the EU that it is the fate of Europe. Solana, stating clearly the growing nationalist populism is disturbing, "Europe will be reduced up to 70 million by 2050 in the EU work force. It would weaken the EU economically, the EU must turn to avoid the limits. "he advised..." LINK

The meeting begins at 9.30 am on 11 May. Items on the agenda include:

    · The Council of Europe: a strategy for values in action – Activity report by the Secretary General

    · European Convention on Human Rights

    · “Living together in 21st century Europe”– Report of the Group of Eminent Persons (*)

    · Neighbourhood policy of the Council of Europe

    (*) A press briefing with Javier Solana, Emma Bonino and Ayşe Kadıoğlu, members of the Group of Eminent Persons, will take place in Hotel Çırağan on 10 May, 7.00 pm (meeting point for journalists: in front of the “Board room”, hotel lobby level from 6.30 pm)


Council of Euope's information

Monday, May 09, 2011

New Age Gingrich to announce run for White House

Newt Gingrich's Republican allies from his days as House speaker welcomed the news Monday that he plans to formally launch his presidential campaign Wednesday.LINK


"In a Wall Writings posting, dated September 2, 2009, I reported on a Washington Postcolumn written by former President Jimmy Carter, in which Carter discussed the Fayyad program and described the support it had received from Javier Solana, secretary general of the Council of the European Union.

In the summer of 2009, Palestinian Authority Prime Minister Salam Fayyad (right) released a lengthy document which described plans and a program to build a future Palestinian state alongside Israel, with borders along the 1967 Green Line.

He predicted that such a state would be ready for statehood within two years. The London Guardian greeted the announcement with the optimistic observation and with a nod to the movie, Field of Dreams, ”If you build it, the state will come.”

This coming September, 2011, the two years are up. Over the past two years, Fayyad and the Palestinian Administration, have put into place a working structure for statehood.

Right on schedule, the recognition of a Palestinian state will be voted on at the United Nations in September.

And something that was not anticipated in the Fayyad plan, there is a strong possibility that a unified Hamas-Fatah political structure will be in place.

Carter and the Elders, a group of distinguished world leaders, met with Fayyad in 2009 after he announced his two year plan. After that meeting, Carter wrote:

...Solana proposes that the United Nations recognize the pre-1967 border between Israel and Palestine, and deal with the fate of Palestinian refugees and how Jerusalem would be shared.

Palestine would become a full U.N. member and enjoy diplomatic relations with other nations, many of which would be eager to respond. Palestinian Prime Minister Salam Fayyad described to us [the Elders traveling with Carter] his unilateral plan for Palestine to become an independent state..." LINK

EU leaders celebrate Europe Day

09 May 2011

EU flag
"Leading EU politicians and officials have been celebrating Europe Day today – and reflecting on the current challenges faced by the bloc.

Europe Day marks the anniversary of French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman's call in 1950 for the formation of the European Coal and Steel Community, which laid the foundations of the modern European Union. The day has been officially celebrated since 1985.

Marking the occasion, President of the European Council Herman Van Rompuy said that in the last 61 years Europe had become "a byword for peace and prosperity".

Addressing the current financial crisis in the eurozone he said: "We are going through a difficult period. But even if some of our economies are struggling, in most European countries growth and employment are clearly picking up. The recovery is even stronger than we hoped."

He added that events in the Arab world had "taken us by surprise" but that "Europe has the means to fulfil the hopes of our southern neighbours".

To celebrate Europe Day, Van Rompuy wrote one of his trademark haikus: "A corona of stars. Rolling over the deep blue sea. Together forever."

Saturday, May 07, 2011

JS was in Washington and announcing a global solution for may 11

"retired old gentleman"? - anything but that!

Javier Solana: "We now know that Obama is at the bottom of the barrel"

"The sooner we get down to talk with the Taliban, the better" as the former head of European diplomacy | "The U.S. military hegemony is still by far"

Javier Solana Madariaga, until 2009 chief diplomat of the European Union, former secretary general of NATO and now president of the Center for Global Economy and Geopolitics in the ESADE Business School, arrived in Washington on Sunday. He dined with friends at the Brookings Institute, the think tank where it is distinguished senior fellow , "the best informed site in this country after the White House, in the words of Solana. He went to the hotel. At the time he was connected the phone and was informed that Barack Obama was about to address the nation.

This week Solana has lived in Washington, in daily contact with those who think and design the superpower's foreign policy, the death of terrorist leader Osama bin Laden, the joy back, and has opened discussions on the operation and its consequences. On Thursday, in the taxi that took him to Dulles Airport to catch a plane back after a week of extraordinary, Javier Solana (Madrid, 1942) spoke with La Vanguardia .

Would it have been better to stop bin Laden and try to judge?

It is always best to do things in accordance with all legal principles more careful. But sometimes the situations are such that it can be done. All mundohabría preferred to have done what was done in Spain, which is to stop and judge. I'm not saying impossible, but circumstances did not easy. They were really very complex.

Are there doubts about the legality of the operation that ended with Bin Laden?

It depends on what rules are made. In the U.S. there is sometimes a flexibility in the use of rules: define whether they are combatants in a war or not, all that kind of differentiation that also have legal consequences. The attorney general has said he was not only a fighter but a commander in a war, and that what happens now is what happened to the Japanese general in World War II. Maybe it's an exaggerated extrapolation. But they try to find a way to legally justify what they have done and that this debate is over. The American people have no doubt. We do, but they have no doubt that what they did was wrong.

What explains this discrepancy between Europe and the U.S.?

There is a tradition, European, more corporate, with much greater clarity in the rules. In the United States should not forget that there is still a frontier tradition of struggle. Here the death penalty is recognized. In Europe, no. On the contrary, it is required to enter the European Union has no death penalty. One of the discussions with Turkey was the death penalty: Can not be a European with the death penalty. So there are differences in respect of some elements that are fundamental for us and in this country are less so.

Would you be able armed forces and European secret services of organizing such an operation?

The degree of sophistication with which it works depends a lot of capabilities. And here the capabilities that have played the biggest role is that of intelligence. Without a strong intelligence capability so esmuy hard to keep operating. I think our security forces have become very complex operations, saving people. I do not say the same complexity, but the operation of Bin Laden would not be out of reach of special forces of European countries, or some European countries, where available as an intelligence capability that has been taken here.

From right are claimed U.S. counterterrorism policies of George W. Bush, the questionable methods of interrogation.

We are seeing things back to rewrite. I believe that President Obama was very clear on the campaign trail about how he conceived of torture. And these things are fulfilled.

Is not it necessary to revise some things? He had said that waterboarding , waterboarding, good for nothing ... Now it seems some evidence that Bin Laden ended up being obtained with this method, or at Guantanamo.

On Wednesday came out in The New York Times an important person in the CIA insisted that should not be done. You do not get anything, even more complicated that helps when you have a person who does not confess, because it may be giving false leads that ultimately complicate life more.

Also see the statements of former Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld and others, trying to get chest.

Naturally they try to sweep home. But this operation, for better or for worse, is an operation of President Obama. Those who disagree with President Obama are the majority. The polls have demanifiesto. And Europe is not everybody agree.

What will change for Obama Bin Laden's death?

For the U.S., they always had the suspicion or concern that a president could be hesitant, too intellectual, hard to make tough decisions sometime in security issues, all that has fallen. In the election campaign itself was Hillary Clinton that made this announcement: here you have to know is, when the phone rings at three in the morning and there is a tragedy, who picks up the phone. Well, that certainly could be in some it has fallen to the ground. And today we know that the U.S. president makes all decisions to be taken, at the foot of the canyon.

U.S. was no sense of decline. Have you finished?

Here is a much more of a structural deficit. All this from what we're talking last a relatively short.Return to fight in the House of Representatives and Senate on spending cuts hows, we will see proposals from Republicans to disrupt the life of Obama. Today it seems that this is a united nation, but the ruling class to be detached within minutes. Is giving back to fight so bad that image in a time of crisis, not to achieve consensus on key issues. But this country must find a way out of the crisis. Sonmalos employment data, not just solidify the growth, the deficit continues to grow and there is still a formula to agree with both parties to know where, how and when to cut. It criticizes what has happened in Europe, but now we are seeing the dollar lower and the euro rises.

There is also criticism, as reflected in a few days ago the weekly The New Yorker , that Obama U.S. "Lead from behind", not wanting to take the lead, with modesty.

There is an extraordinary transfer of power. A power to be in the Western world to the Pacific to the Asian world. The world is multipolar in the economy, in many ways. But the American military hegemony is still there, by far.

What about Pakistan?

Again, it's in a situation of tension with the United States. If no one in Pakistan knew nothing about who owned the house, is to stay very surprised. That after so many years, intelligence services and military of Pakistan knew nothing, it costs quite believe it. But on the other hand, the operation is entering a foreign country, in this case Pakistan, without informing.

After the 11-S Bush said that countries that harbor terrorists would be enemies.

Pakistan is a very complex, but it has nuclear bombs, and this is not a minor problem. Nuclear bomb that very few people know their condition and whereabouts. I do not think the president knows where they are, probably not knowing what was happening in Abbottabad.

Bin Laden's death "accelerates withdrawal from Afghanistan?

It is too early to know the consequences. First you have to see what the behavior of the Taliban, if they will try to avenge the death of Bin Laden, or behave differently as a consequence of the death of Bin Laden. The sooner we get down to talk with the Taliban or prepare the ground for it, the better. In the end, the only possible reality is not a military reality, but a political and a political reality inclusive, not exclusive: if it were, we should be all the life there to allow the Afghan security forces had the capacity to defend their country. Link

Coexistence in the XXI century Europe

JAVIER SOLANA / Emma Bonino 07/05/2011

Cultural diversity has been a constant feature of European history. Has been the source of many of the greatest achievements of our continent, however, when it is improperly managed, has also played a role in some of its greatest tragedies.

Diversity has increased in recent decades due to new waves of immigration, and will continue for at least two reasons.

First, most of those who have arrived in Europe in recent decades, and their descendants, they intend to stay. Many still cling to the cultural heritage of their countries of origin. What's wrong with that?Provided they comply with the law, should not expect people to settle in a new country leaving behind their faith, culture or identity. This diversity can contribute to creativity that Europe badly needs now more than ever.

Second, Europe is aging, which means that more immigrants. Without them, the European Commission estimates that only in the EU in the next 50 years, the workforce will be reduced by almost 100 million people even though the population as a whole continues to rise. It is a formula that leads to decadence.

Therefore, diversity is the fate of Europe. Is shaping our future in a rapidly changing world and will continue. It is therefore vital that Europeans address their challenges more effectively and decisively, and, frankly, much better than what they are doing today. This time can not afford a mistake in how to deal with the situation. Unfortunately, there are signs that are in danger of doing just that.

These signs are evident: a growing intolerance, increased support for xenophobic and populist parties, discrimination, the presence of a population of undocumented migrants who have virtually no rights, communities "parallel" whose members hardly interact with the society they surrounding Islamic extremism, the loss of democratic freedoms, and attempts to restrict freedom of expression with the alleged interest of defending freedom of religion.

Under these clues lie deep-seated insecurity (due to economic difficulties in Europe and a sense of relative decline), the phenomenon of large-scale immigration (as well as actually experienced and perceived), distorted images and stereotypes harmful minorities in the media and public laopinión, and the shortage of leaders who can inspire confidence in articulating a clear vision of Europe's destiny.

Our report, which will be released on May 11, Living Together: Combining Diversity and Freedom in 21st Century Europe (The coexistence: combining diversity and freedom in the XXI century Europe) offers a solution founded on the fundamental values ​​of Europe: a program for a Europe with greater confidence, which will host the diversity rather than rejecting it, and also accept the existence of multiple identities is not at all negative. If you can be African American or Italian-American, why not a European "hyphenated" Turkish-German-French North African or Asian-British?

We believe we can be that Europe, but only if all long-term residents of European countries are accepted as full citizens, and if everyone, regardless of creed, culture or ethnicity, are treated equally by the legislation, the authorities and their fellow citizens. Like all other citizens of a democracy, should participate in the drafting of laws, but neither religion nor culture can be an excuse for vulnerabilities.

17 proposed guiding principles, and we hope that legislators, opinion makers and civil society activists can use as a manual for diversity.

At a minimum, there must be an agreement that the law must be complied with, and reach a common understanding of what is the law and how it can be changed. Always respect the law, you should not expect immigrants to renounce their creed, culture or identity. It is necessary to take special measures for members of disadvantaged or marginalized groups enjoy genuinely equal opportunities, and efforts should be made for members of different religions, cultural or ethnic groups know each other and join together as members of voluntary associations. Finally, we strongly advocate the right to freedom of expression should not be restricted, either in law or practice, to quell the violent intimidation. At the same time, we believe that you can not stop responding to public statements that tend to build or reinforce public prejudices against members of any group, including minorities, immigrants or people of recent immigrant origin. A central message of our report is "to minimize the requirements legally and maximizing persuasion."

In order to apply these principles in practice, we urge States to extend these rights and obligations of citizenship, including the right to vote, the largest number of members of the resident population and, as an interim measure, to give all foreign residents the right to vote in local elections. We also urge you to correct any information that could be misinterpreted and stereotypes about migration, and offer its citizens a more realistic picture of the situation of migrants and the current and future needs in Europe. We recognize their right and duty to control immigration, but we also urge all Europeans to treat asylum seekers and migrants arriving in Europe in a fair and human, showing solidarity and appropriate burden sharing among states members. We ask the Council of Europe and the EU to work together to formulate an immigration policy that powerful, consistent and transparent for all of Europe and at the same time, a helping hand to our neighbors in the Middle East and North Africa, giving them the opportunity to participate, with a proper status in the European institutions and conventions.

If you follow this path, we are convinced that Europe can be a better and more hopeful than it is today.

This article sign Javier Solana, Emma Bonino, Joschka Fischer, Timothy Garton Ash, Martin Hirsch, Danuta Hübner, Ayse Kadioglu, Sonja Licht and Vladimir Lukin. The authors are members of the Eminent Persons Group created by Thorbjørn Jagland, general secretary Europe, to prepare a report on the coexistence in Europe. Your report will be available at www.coe.int from 11 May.