AoC-, EU- related topics, global governance, NewAgemind-+soulCrimes, books+films, endtimes, ...
Saturday, May 07, 2011
JS was in Washington and announcing a global solution for may 11
"retired old gentleman"? - anything but that!
Javier Solana: "We now know that Obama is at the bottom of the barrel"
"The sooner we get down to talk with the Taliban, the better" as the former head of European diplomacy | "The U.S. military hegemony is still by far"
Javier Solana Madariaga, until 2009 chief diplomat of the European Union, former secretary general of NATO and now president of the Center for Global Economy and Geopolitics in the ESADE Business School, arrived in Washington on Sunday.He dined with friends at the Brookings Institute, the think tank where it is distinguished senior fellow , "the best informed site in this country after the White House, in the words of Solana.He went to the hotel.At the time he was connected the phone and was informed that Barack Obama was about to address the nation.
This week Solana has lived in Washington, in daily contact with those who think and design the superpower's foreign policy, the death of terrorist leader Osama bin Laden, the joy back, and has opened discussions on the operation and its consequences.On Thursday, in the taxi that took him to Dulles Airport to catch a plane back after a week of extraordinary, Javier Solana (Madrid, 1942) spoke with La Vanguardia .
Would it have been better to stop bin Laden and try to judge?
It is always best to do things in accordance with all legal principles more careful.But sometimes the situations are such that it can be done.All mundohabría preferred to have done what was done in Spain, which is to stop and judge.I'm not saying impossible, but circumstances did not easy.They were really very complex.
Are there doubts about the legality of the operation that ended with Bin Laden?
It depends on what rules are made.In the U.S. there is sometimes a flexibility in the use of rules: define whether they are combatants in a war or not, all that kind of differentiation that also have legal consequences.The attorney general has said he was not only a fighter but a commander in a war, and that what happens now is what happened to the Japanese general in World War II.Maybe it's an exaggerated extrapolation.But they try to find a way to legally justify what they have done and that this debate is over.The American people have no doubt.We do, but they have no doubt that what they did was wrong.
What explains this discrepancy between Europe and the U.S.?
There is a tradition, European, more corporate, with much greater clarity in the rules.In the United States should not forget that there is still a frontier tradition of struggle.Here the death penalty is recognized.In Europe, no.On the contrary, it is required to enter the European Union has no death penalty.One of the discussions with Turkey was the death penalty: Can not be a European with the death penalty.So there are differences in respect of some elements that are fundamental for us and in this country are less so.
Would you be able armed forces and European secret services of organizing such an operation?
The degree of sophistication with which it works depends a lot of capabilities.And here the capabilities that have played the biggest role is that of intelligence.Without a strong intelligence capability so esmuy hard to keep operating.I think our security forces have become very complex operations, saving people.I do not say the same complexity, but the operation of Bin Laden would not be out of reach of special forces of European countries, or some European countries, where available as an intelligence capability that has been taken here.
From right are claimed U.S. counterterrorism policies of George W.Bush, the questionable methods of interrogation.
We are seeing things back to rewrite.I believe that President Obama was very clear on the campaign trail about how he conceived of torture.And these things are fulfilled.
Is not it necessary to revise some things?He had said that waterboarding , waterboarding, good for nothing ...Now it seems some evidence that Bin Laden ended up being obtained with this method, or at Guantanamo.
On Wednesday came out in The New York Times an important person in the CIA insisted that should not be done.You do not get anything, even more complicated that helps when you have a person who does not confess, because it may be giving false leads that ultimately complicate life more.
Also see the statements of former Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld and others, trying to get chest.
Naturally they try to sweep home.But this operation, for better or for worse, is an operation of President Obama.Those who disagree with President Obama are the majority.The polls have demanifiesto.And Europe is not everybody agree.
What will change for Obama Bin Laden's death?
For the U.S., they always had the suspicion or concern that a president could be hesitant, too intellectual, hard to make tough decisions sometime in security issues, all that has fallen.In the election campaign itself was Hillary Clinton that made this announcement: here you have to know is, when the phone rings at three in the morning and there is a tragedy, who picks up the phone.Well, that certainly could be in some it has fallen to the ground.And today we know that the U.S. president makes all decisions to be taken, at the foot of the canyon.
U.S.was no sense of decline.Have you finished?
Here is a much more of a structural deficit.All this from what we're talking last a relatively short.Return to fight in the House of Representatives and Senate on spending cuts hows, we will see proposals from Republicans to disrupt the life of Obama.Today it seems that this is a united nation, but the ruling class to be detached within minutes.Is giving back to fight so bad that image in a time of crisis, not to achieve consensus on key issues.But this country must find a way out of the crisis.Sonmalos employment data, not just solidify the growth, the deficit continues to grow and there is still a formula to agree with both parties to know where, how and when to cut.It criticizes what has happened in Europe, but now we are seeing the dollar lower and the euro rises.
There is also criticism, as reflected in a few days ago the weekly The New Yorker , that Obama U.S."Lead from behind", not wanting to take the lead, with modesty.
There is an extraordinary transfer of power.A power to be in the Western world to the Pacific to the Asian world.The world is multipolar in the economy, in many ways.But the American military hegemony is still there, by far.
What about Pakistan?
Again, it's in a situation of tension with the United States.If no one in Pakistan knew nothing about who owned the house, is to stay very surprised.That after so many years, intelligence services and military of Pakistan knew nothing, it costs quite believe it.But on the other hand, the operation is entering a foreign country, in this case Pakistan, without informing.
After the 11-S Bush said that countries that harbor terrorists would be enemies.
Pakistan is a very complex, but it has nuclear bombs, and this is not a minor problem.Nuclear bomb that very few people know their condition and whereabouts.I do not think the president knows where they are, probably not knowing what was happening in Abbottabad.
Bin Laden's death "accelerates withdrawal from Afghanistan?
It is too early to know the consequences.First you have to see what the behavior of the Taliban, if they will try to avenge the death of Bin Laden, or behave differently as a consequence of the death of Bin Laden.The sooner we get down to talk with the Taliban or prepare the ground for it, the better.In the end, the only possible reality is not a military reality, but a political and a political reality inclusive, not exclusive: if it were, we should be all the life there to allow the Afghan security forces had the capacity to defend their country. Link
Coexistence in the XXI century Europe
JAVIER SOLANA / Emma Bonino07/05/2011
Cultural diversity has been a constant feature of European history.Has been the source of many of the greatest achievements of our continent, however, when it is improperly managed, has also played a role in some of its greatest tragedies.
Diversity has increased in recent decades due to new waves of immigration, and will continue for at least two reasons.
First, most of those who have arrived in Europe in recent decades, and their descendants, they intend to stay.Many still cling to the cultural heritage of their countries of origin.What's wrong with that?Provided they comply with the law, should not expect people to settle in a new country leaving behind their faith, culture or identity.This diversity can contribute to creativity that Europe badly needs now more than ever.
Second, Europe is aging, which means that more immigrants.Without them, the European Commission estimates that only in the EU in the next 50 years, the workforce will be reduced by almost 100 million people even though the population as a whole continues to rise.It is a formula that leads to decadence.
Therefore, diversity is the fate of Europe.Is shaping our future in a rapidly changing world and will continue.It is therefore vital that Europeans address their challenges more effectively and decisively, and, frankly, much better than what they are doing today.This time can not afford a mistake in how to deal with the situation.Unfortunately, there are signs that are in danger of doing just that.
These signs are evident: a growing intolerance, increased support for xenophobic and populist parties, discrimination, the presence of a population of undocumented migrants who have virtually no rights, communities "parallel" whose members hardly interact with the society they surrounding Islamic extremism, the loss of democratic freedoms, and attempts to restrict freedom of expression with the alleged interest of defending freedom of religion.
Under these clues lie deep-seated insecurity (due to economic difficulties in Europe and a sense of relative decline), the phenomenon of large-scale immigration (as well as actually experienced and perceived), distorted images and stereotypes harmful minorities in the media and public laopinión, and the shortage of leaders who can inspire confidence in articulating a clear vision of Europe's destiny.
Our report, which will be released on May 11, Living Together: Combining Diversity and Freedom in 21st Century Europe (The coexistence: combining diversity and freedom in the XXI century Europe) offers a solution founded on the fundamental values of Europe: a program for a Europe with greater confidence, which will host the diversity rather than rejecting it, and also accept the existence of multiple identities is not at all negative.If you can be African American or Italian-American, why not a European "hyphenated" Turkish-German-French North African or Asian-British?
We believe we can be that Europe, but only if all long-term residents of European countries are accepted as full citizens, and if everyone, regardless of creed, culture or ethnicity, are treated equally by the legislation, the authorities and their fellow citizens.Like all other citizens of a democracy, should participate in the drafting of laws, but neither religion nor culture can be an excuse for vulnerabilities.
17 proposed guiding principles, and we hope that legislators, opinion makers and civil society activists can use as a manual for diversity.
At a minimum, there must be an agreement that the law must be complied with, and reach a common understanding of what is the law and how it can be changed.Always respect the law, you should not expect immigrants to renounce their creed, culture or identity.It is necessary to take special measures for members of disadvantaged or marginalized groups enjoy genuinely equal opportunities, and efforts should be made for members of different religions, cultural or ethnic groups know each other and join together as members of voluntary associations.Finally, we strongly advocate the right to freedom of expression should not be restricted, either in law or practice, to quell the violent intimidation.At the same time, we believe that you can not stop responding to public statements that tend to build or reinforce public prejudices against members of any group, including minorities, immigrants or people of recent immigrant origin.A central message of our report is "to minimize the requirements legally and maximizing persuasion."
In order to apply these principles in practice, we urge States to extend these rights and obligations of citizenship, including the right to vote, the largest number of members of the resident population and, as an interim measure, to give all foreign residents the right to vote in local elections.We also urge you to correct any information that could be misinterpreted and stereotypes about migration, and offer its citizens a more realistic picture of the situation of migrants and the current and future needs in Europe.We recognize their right and duty to control immigration, but we also urge all Europeans to treat asylum seekers and migrants arriving in Europe in a fair and human, showing solidarity and appropriate burden sharing among states members.We ask the Council of Europe and the EU to work together to formulate an immigration policy that powerful, consistent and transparent for all of Europe and at the same time, a helping hand to our neighbors in the Middle East and North Africa, giving them the opportunity to participate, with a proper status in the European institutions and conventions.
If you follow this path, we are convinced that Europe can be a better and more hopeful than it is today.
This article sign Javier Solana, Emma Bonino, Joschka Fischer, Timothy Garton Ash, Martin Hirsch, Danuta Hübner, Ayse Kadioglu, Sonja Licht and Vladimir Lukin. The authors are members of the Eminent Persons Group created by Thorbjørn Jagland, general secretary Europe, to prepare a report on the coexistence in Europe.Your report will be available at www.coe.int from 11 May.