Saturday, June 18, 2011


Javier Solana, at Cornell.

Javier Solana, at Cornell.CUGAT RICARD

Javier Solana: "It would have been better

not to limit intervention in Libya"

Javier Solana reviews the situation in the Arab world since the beginning of the riots in Tunisia and Egypt.Despite the bloody repression in Syria and the stagnation of the war in Libya, called for dead this spring.Believes that only just beginning and that nothing will be the same any more in this part of the world.

The former head of European diplomacy, argues that the Syrian regime is doomed to disappear

Born in Madrid in 1942, for 15 years held positions of highest international level.He was secretary general of NATO from 1995 to 1999 and High Representative for foreign policy and European security between 1999 and 2009.He had previously held several ministerial portfolios in Spain.Affairs, the last one.
Today was the title of his lecture on Friday, Javier Solana Creació Cornellà forum.A world convulsed by crisis and uncertain about the course of the Arab riots

-The year started full of hope for the world, the revolutions in Egypt and Tunisia.But now with the war in Libya stagnant and the brutal repression in Syria, has already finished the Arab spring?
-No.The Arab spring is beginning.If we were on the first day of the year, we would have a situation that President Mubarak would rule Egypt, President Ben Ali would govern Tunisia, Bin Laden alive and Japan would still be one of the technological powers stronger, more powerful.But it's been five, six months and the situation is very different.We live in a very uncertain world but no one expected what would happen earlier this year.There has been a fundamental change in very important countries: Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Libya.Some still have not quite solve all the problems and still continue to violent deaths.But I doubt that nothing will be the same any more in this part of the world.

Three months ago, started the international intervention in Libya and the war is stagnating.Are you failing anything?
We believe that wars begin and end military operations in 24 hours.Not so.Unfortunately.The difficult decision is to begin.I have no doubt that end and will be completed so that the Libya of tomorrow will be different from Libya yesterday.

-In this case the decision to go to war was swift.Too much?
'It was a very special case.It was the first time a Security Council resolution used a concept that had never been used: the right to protect.It is a concept which was adopted with Kofi Annan as secretary general and could not be applied before.There was always someone who vetoed.For the first time it has taken that concept and has been accepted by everyone, not just the UN.Also in the Arab League.And the African Union.The legitimacy of this action was the widest I've ever seen in transactions of this nature.We can not forget that.

- But some consider that NATO is exceeding his mandate.Are these criticisms are the lack of a clear objective?
- The goal is clear and limits, too.The aim was to defend those who could be attacked and the limit is that you can not occupy the country.The resolution does not allow an international force to occupy the country and that was a limitation imposed resolution and as the war progresses you see that would have been better not to put it.But that, in turn, made possible the agreement.
- Do you think there will be another resolution permitting the occupation?
-No.I think the occupation is not going to happen.

The Secretary General of NATO calls for more resources for the intervention to succeed.Are they stingy country showing?
I do not know if grudging not think so.Nobody is making it difficult for the operation to succeed.What is true is that is an operation that Americans are not leading.Through NATO, are the Europeans who are bearing the brunt of the operation and now from the military point of view the European countries are not at their best.The economic crisis means budget cuts and the wars they suffer a lot of people, but also expensive.

- Can you finish the speech with Qaddafi in power or in a de facto partition of Libya?
-Gaddafi is almost impossible to stay in power and would be another partition of the red lines that we should not accept.

- If the protection is, why was not involved in Libya and Syria?
-Libya has a unanimous resolution of the Security Council.About Syria can not even muster the Security Council because Russia does not want.I hope we can finally have a resolution.This is the first important signal that will be given.I hope they do and from that moment, I think the Syrian regime is doomed to disappear.

- An intervention in Syria?
-I do not see.

- How is pressed Asad then?
'It's very important the role of Turkey.Syria needs Turkey and Turkey needs to Syria.Erdogan's position has changed in favor of this carnage is over.The situation in Syria is very different because of its complexity that of Libya.But in any case it can not afford is a government, a state, an army to kill civilians with tanks.

'As a connoisseur of the Syrian regime, are you surprised this response to the riots?The international community wanted to see in Bashar Assad a reformer.Hillary Clinton said so in March, Trinidad Jiménez.
She was not thought that Bashar Assad was president, but his brother, who died in a car accident.He was an ophthalmologist, living in London.I know him very well.I had very good relationship with him at first, when he returned to the country.I would not say counselor, but a friend.I thought we could build a relationship because I was so lost at first.What happens is that very little time the hardest part of the regime, a regime that is almost familiar, took power.Close because they are a minority, a minority that is governing a country.

- How does the process in Jordan and Morocco?
-Jordan, Morocco, Saudi Arabia.Bahrain.There will be changes in Morocco constitutions, some important, and we go to a parliamentary system with a king.Recently, this was an unthinkable change.All this has happened in six months, not six.Jordan is a small country without resources, many Palestinians and a monarchy that has to play with many equilibria.The situation in Saudi Arabia is the most difficult.Saudis are very angry with what is happening.He is very angry with the United States and Europe.Believed to have betrayed the leaders who had been loyal to us.It has tolerated that would drop to Mubarak.Saudi Arabia wants at all costs that this situation does not spread mostly monarchies.Would like to see is more stable than in monarchies.And would like to invite to join the General Council of the Gulf countries to Jordan and Morocco.It's really taking an initiative in that direction.Try to make reforms in monarchies are not very deep."

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