Wednesday, August 15, 2012


"The start of the crisis requires collective effort"

Javier Solana started his holiday in Bueu, but since his retirement from Cela is currently pending

Javier Solana, yesterday at the house where summers for years in the parish of Cela in Bueu.  / / CG
Javier Solana, yesterday at the house where summers for years in the parish of Cela in Bueu. / / CG 

"He is no longer minister or secretary general of NATO or the High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy of the EU. But Javier Solana is still a top-level political figure, though he said he would not take back to the foreground. What does not change its relationship with Bueu and Cela's parish, which just got another year to spend a few days off.Long walks, jogging sessions, bathing in Lapamán and reading are back in the program of activities of one of the most faithful visitors of O Morrazo.

DAVID GARCIA - BUEU Javier Solana has lost count of the years he has been vacationing in Bueu, but summer is faithful to his appointment with the municipality of O Morrazo and the parish of Cela. The former minister, NATO Secretary General and High Responsible for Common Foreign and Security Policy of the EU came this weekend at his vacation retreat and it was last seen by the environment. "I've already hit a walk in the mountains and gone to the beach," says Solana.His usual companion Routing is BNG exconcejal Manuel Otero. "But now is not here. I spoke with him by telephone and we will go back together," forward. 
with whom it has been is an old acquaintance and friend, also former minister and current Commissioner for Competition of the European Union Joaquin Almunia. Both were seen together on Monday afternoon in the vicinity of the Praia de Beluso, one of the privileged corners of the Ria de Pontevedra. Almunia prefer the north of Galicia to rest, but came up Bueu at the invitation of Solana. In this talk was present economic situation of Spain and the euro area as a whole and the ghost of a ransom to the Spanish economy. Solana believes that Spain itself will need help from its European partners, which also involve additional steps. "But I think there will be no rescue as agreed for countries like Portugal or Greece," said the veteran politician. 
What is clear is that at this time what is needed is unity. "I've never been a friend of political fights and the second division less. And I think we're at it, when in fact the problems are of more depth," he argues. Javier Solana is convinced that there is "light at the end of the tunnel", but warns that to reach it "must make a collective effort and not lose a second in the secondary to the main focus." 
On the Origin of argues that the crisis is "faults in lowercase and we have some Germans others ...", but there are faults in uppercase. "And those are not ours, this crisis comes from beyond the Atlantic. We did not invent, we will suffer," Solana stressed. 
Its European vocation has not changed and is firm. "The idea of Europe has an element of solidarity. And Europe as a whole is better than the United States and Japan. But within the Union there are countries that do better and some worse, so be nice and supportive sharing efforts," said since his retirement in the parish of Cela. 
the other side of the estuary of Pontevedra spent a few days off the prime minister, Mariano Rajoy, but have not agreed although some sources pointed that would drop by Bueu. "I just got here yet," Solana said with a smile. 
The routine of the summers of Bueu Solana has not changed and what he appreciates most is the tranquility, peace, gastronomy and natural environment, both mountain and beach . His long walks "to Ermelo or Cape Udra" are already famous among the residents of Bueu. "People treat me very well and fortunately my presence here has already ceased to be news," he admits. 
Although far left and his time as Secretary General of NATO and that it is not Mister CFSP, which does not change is his constant attention to the latest news. "During the holidays I'm not as steep as before," he stresses.The main focus right now is Syria and the position of countries like Iran, China or Russia. Solana hopes that there is no intervention of the Iranian regime and calls for a change of position by China and Russia. Just one of the universities in the Asian giant, Tsinghua University, has recently appointed a member of its advisory board, so Javier Solana extended his lectures on geopolitics and diplomacy also China. 
A professor of physics became master of the geopolitical 
The former Minister of Education works in the School of Business Administration (ESADE), where he teaches a chair of Leadership and Democratic Governance, a subject that is far removed from its initial Chair of Solid State Physics. "Science is moving very fast," he says, explaining that after all these years in politics is not turned back to those origins. 
Still maintains its interest in the subject and as a good physical welcomed with joy and excitement the discovery by scientists of the Organization European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) Higgs boson, popularly known as the God particle. The center is based in Geneva and when the discovery was released Solana was just in that moment in the Swiss city"I could talk to some scientists and were transformed by the discovery," he recalls with emotion." LINK

Thursday, August 09, 2012

please find attached my application for syria

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"Toward a Syria Consensus

MADRID – The feeling is growing stronger by the day that Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s regime is approaching a tipping point. Kofi Annan, the United Nations and Arab League special envoy, has abandoned as hopeless his efforts to implement an internationally agreed six-point plan to end the violence. Now the international community must think seriously about how to minimize the dangers inherent in Syria’s domestic turmoil.

This illustration is by Paul Lachine and comes from <a href=""></a>, and is the property of the NewsArt organization and of its artist. Reproducing this image is a violation of copyright law.
Illustration by Paul Lachine

CommentsLack of agreement within the UN Security Council has prolonged the conflict and contributed to changing its nature. What began as a popular uprising inspired by the demands of the Arab Spring has taken on increasingly sectarian and radical tones. This reflects loss of hope in international support, while making it more difficult to achieve a negotiated solution.
CommentsIn particular, there is a growing danger of Sunni retaliation against the Alawite minority, which comprises 12% of the population, but controls the government, the economy, and the army. The Alawites, who overcame second-class citizenship only when Assad’s Baath party came to power in 1963, now believe that their very survival is linked to that of the regime.
CommentsIf the Syrian opposition does not take the Alawites’ concerns seriously, the country could be wracked by years of civil war, worse than the conflict that devastated Lebanon from 1975 to 1990.
CommentsThe regional consequences are already being felt. Fighting between the rebels and government forces is spreading, and the resulting refugee flows into neighboring Turkey, Jordan, and Lebanon threaten to bring these countries directly into the conflict.
CommentsTurkey is also worried about the conflict’s possible repercussions for its Kurdish population, among whom aspirations for independence are resurfacing, and for its relations with the Kurdish populations of Iraq and Syria, which are woven into a complex balance. Jordan, for its part, considers the growing numbers of Syrian rebels entering its territory a threat to national security, while the arrival of thousands of refugees in Lebanon has revived old sectarian disputes in Tripoli between Shia Alawites, most of whom support Assad, and Sunnis, who overwhelmingly sympathize with the opposition.
CommentsChaos and confrontation could easily reach Iraq, too, where the possible fall of the Syrian regime seems to be revitalizing Sunni resistance to Nouri al-Maliki’s predominantly Shia government.
CommentsThe outcome of the Syrian conflict will also have a direct impact on the Middle East’s alignment of power. A Sunni takeover after Assad’s fall would mean a change of strategy with respect to Iran and its Lebanese Shia ally, Hezbollah, whose viability might be in danger, as a Sunni government in Syria would most likely cut off the conduit for arms flowing from Iran to Lebanon.
CommentsThe disturbances in Syria have already weakened some of Iran’s traditional alliances in the region. For example, Hamas has taken a position in favor of the Syrian opposition by emphasizing its ties with the Muslim Brothers, and gave its support last year to Egypt’s transitional government after it permanently opened the frontier with Gaza.
CommentsAlthough the complex situation in Egypt suggests that its leaders will be preoccupied with domestic politics for some time, the new government will also try to redefine its relations with neighboring countries. Significantly, Egypt’s recently elected president, Mohamed Morsi, the leader of the Muslim Brothers’ political party, chose Saudi Arabia for his first official foreign visit, a decision laden with religious as well as political symbolism.
CommentsFor Saudi Arabia – which, along with Qatar, is arming the Syrian opposition – the post-Assad period is a strategic opportunity to break the alliance between Syria and Iran, and, at the same time, deliver a severe blow to Hezbollah.
CommentsThe weakening of the Iran-Syria-Hezbollah axis would directly benefit Israel, which has stepped up its not-so-veiled threats to launch a unilateral military strike against Iran’s nuclear installations. Likewise, Israel accuses Hezbollah – together with Iran – of recent efforts to attack Israeli objectives, including the bombing of a bus carrying Israeli tourists in Bulgaria.
CommentsThis new scenario will doubtless affect Iran’s position in the ongoing international talks on its nuclear program, which are fundamental to achieving a diplomatic solution. But, as long as the Syrian conflict continues, it will be difficult to make any progress with an Iran fearful of the impact that a new government in Syria might have on its regional influence. In the same way, achieving an agreement – or not – with Russia (and thus with China) to contain the Syrian crisis will also determine how much room for maneuver the United States and the European Union will have with these two countries to address Iran’s nuclear program.
CommentsThe Security Council’s members agree on how to address Iran’s nuclear program, but not on steps to resolve the Syria conflict, owing to fundamental disagreements between Russia (and China) and the rest. But these are, in effect, parallel negotiations, closely dependent on each other for progress.
CommentsIn order to reach an agreement, it is essential that Turkey, the Gulf States, and the Arab League forge a common position. Only in this way could they win the backing of the various sectors of Syrian opposition – suspicious of the intentions behind unilateral support – and bring their positions closer to those of Syria’s minorities, which cannot be left out of this process. This would create more pressure for backing by the Security Council and set in motion a process leading to a transition policy in Syria. Reaching an agreement on a post-Assad scenario will not be easy, but no alternative is more promising for Syria and the region" LINK.

Wednesday, August 08, 2012


"Spain’s former Foreign Affairs minister Miguel Ángel Moratinos and ex-NATO chief Javier Solana are considered as the most likely candidates to replace Kofi Annan as the UN and the Arab League envoy to Syria, diplomatic sources for the organization said.

They denied reports that the Syrian mission could be led by Finland’s ex-president Martti Ahtisaari.
Kofi Annan, 74, whose mandate expires later this month, said that he would step down because he did not receive the support he had expected.
Russia`s envoy to the UN Vitaly Churkin said last week that his country expects a new envoy to Syria to adhere to Mr. Annan`s peace plan, which eyes the end of violence and free access of humanitarian organizations to Syria, as well as the start of peace talks between the conflicting sides".

"(Reuters) - As Syria spirals deeper into a full-scale civil war, Western delegations at the United Nations are increasingly skeptical about the value of appointing a replacement for Kofi Annan as the U.N.-Arab League mediator in the conflict, U.N. envoys say....SPAIN'S SOLANA, MORATINOS IN THE RUNNING
U.N. officials say that Annan's replacement must be someone of similar stature. Among the names circulating at the United Nations as possible replacements for Annan, envoys told Reuters, are two Spaniards - former Foreign Minister Miguel Angel Moratinos and former EU foreign policy chief Javier Solana.
Envoys spoke of possible Malaysian and Nordic candidates as well. Former Finnish President Martti Ahtisaari's name has also come up, though one diplomat told Reuters that the Finn, who was the other candidate when Ban selected Annan at the beginning of this year, was not among the main candidates.
Richard Gowan of New York University made clear that the U.N. had a role to play in improving the plight of civilians.
"I doubt that any U.N. envoy can really prevent the current conflict getting worse, although the U.N. has an absolute obligation to keep up efforts to get humanitarian aid into the country alongside the Red Cross and Red Crescent," he said.
France said the Security Council would hold a meeting on the humanitarian situation in Syria on August 30." LINK