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Wednesday, December 26, 2012
the Brasilian message from Solana: globalize
26/12/2012 at 07:57 - updated on 26/12/2012 at 07:57
"Crisis should result in a lost generation in Spain
The European crisis can produce a lost generation in Spain: "There is a huge risk that current events would prevent an entire generation to realize their potential." The diagnosis is Javier Solana, former Spanish Foreign Minister and European Union.
After Solana, who has also been secretary general of NATO, European leaders must urgently adopt policies that promote economic growth.
Solana was in São Paulo in late November to attend a conference on the importance of large metropolitan regions for global trade, sponsored by the Brookings Institution and JP Morgan.
Read key excerpts from his interview (currently President of the ESADE Center for Global Economy and Geopolitics) to Folha.
* Sheet * - Since the global crisis governments have become more realistic, more interested in solving their problems than to pursue a global agenda. How to change it?
Javier Solana - The economic crisis and the consequent awareness of the degree of interdependence have inspired a resurgence of nationalism around the world. But we hide inside our shells or introduce protectionist measures will not solve the current problems.
Instead, I am convinced that the solution lies in the opportunities offered by more open to the global market. The risks inherent in these actions can be mitigated in forums such as the WTO.
Despite recent agreements for Greece, it seems that the crisis is far from resolved. As Mr.. evaluates the action of European leaders?
Let's be clear: the crisis has been a real jerk to everyone. No country was fully prepared for the changes and dramatic situations in recent years.
But considering the extreme difficulty of the situation, I think that European leaders responded as well as they could.
The current challenge for the EU is to incorporate the causes and repercussions of the events in extraordinary economic development and political action. This will require courageous and visionary moves by European leaders, and I hope that these actions materialize.
Spain is facing very high unemployment rates. How long this situation can be maintained without slipping into social upheavals?
My country, Spain, is actually feeling the heavy weight of the crisis. But it is also a very strong and developed country, which is supported by a dense network of social ties. This robust network ensures that basic needs are met, especially in this dramatic situation of unemployment exorbitant.
The biggest problem is a swamp impending generational: there is a huge risk that current events would prevent an entire generation realize their potential.
And although it seems a problem at an individual level, in fact its effect will be felt on a national scale. It is imperative that actions be taken to avoid a lost generation.
Spain is in the correct direction out of the crisis?
Since Spain is a full member of the European Union, I believe that the solution to their exit from the crisis has to be a European solution. The big question, however, is how to migrate from austerity policies to policies that will stimulate growth.
While austerity is an essential ingredient, it alone can not get us out of the crisis. Only economic growth can make us move up and forward. It is vital that we engage to find programs and policies that promote growth.
The crisis made the G20 had a prominent role in the economy. As Mr.. evaluates the performance of this group?
I agree that the G20 had an important role in this crisis. In the early stages, the forum members reacted quickly and determined to avoid a global recession. But after the initial meetings, some of that momentum was unfortunately lost. The group found it difficult to coordinate growth policies, which is a shame.
But I still believe in the promise of the G20. The strong role played by emerging countries this forum corresponds to its place in the global economy.
Sir, do you believe that the West should arm the rebels or promote any Syrian intervention in the country?
The situation in Syria is dramatic and deplorable. Every day it becomes clearer that the conflict can not continue forever. Sooner or later, President (Bashar) Assad must recognize that it can no longer govern the country and the sooner he admits it, the better.
In the meantime, however, it is very regrettable that the international community has not been able to take care of this situation. It has proved impossible to construct a basis of legitimacy for international action. The impasse in the UN Security Council is revealing: underscores the huge and sometimes seemingly insurmountable difficulties of governing a world increasingly multipolar.
As Mr.. evaluates the strategy in the Afghanistan war? NATO can leave the country without creating a security vacuum?
NATO is in Afghanistan for over ten years, very dedicated to his mission in a country extremely challenging.This area is known for its exceptionally difficult geography and its neighbors very complex. I think it is crucial that the focus on Afghanistan put its internal problems. After years of international help in many ways, the country and its leaders need to understand that help is not an eternal source."