"Javier Solana, the Spanish-language world
Gifted with an innate sense of diplomacy, was the only driver of foreign and defense policy of the European Union
ANGEL TRISTAN PEPPER "Europe must stop being stage to be an actor." Javier Solana said this, the December 21, 1998, during a dinner at the Hotel Santa Catalina, after giving a lecture as Secretary General of NATO, when it was strong candidate for Mr. CFSP in the European Union. One of the Spanish more global and more international influence summarized its key idea for the new post, senior Council for the Common Foreign and Security Policy, which would take office on October 18, 1999 and which would for a decade of progress, until November 2009.
Stop being stage to be an actor. A statement of principles was implemented during his leadership as High Representative for Foreign and Security Policy (and therefore as Commander of EUFOR in the same period), and then, over the years and the retirement of batch of great statesmen, broke. And that bankruptcy coincided with the great financial crisis, in which inbred politics replaced the expansive, and doubt to certainty, and the 'merkaliato' shattered that image, that idea in Europe was only a fleeting comet the North Star to mark the global navigation.
"O resources flow from north to south, or people flow from south to north." Another exact definition, very expressive, the phenomenon of massive avalanche of boats and canoes they wanted to reach the north through the door canary. Diners nodded. They were simple words, a basic picture, but getting to explain a complex problem. Summary of European commitment.
Actually, things in perspective views, arguably Javier Solana Madariaga was destined to be a mainstay of the new Europe, by his mother's maiden name: Salvador de Madariaga, one of the fathers of the European community, was his uncle . Always was a convinced European, and his brother Luis, although not an 'Atlanticist'. This followed a late vocation, and surely a first derivative of Europeanism: all Europe was in some way, or in varying degrees, in NATO.
The Socialists have tended to have, especially in the Franco and then because of it, a militarist tic, by extension, bolted with national symbols, the anthem, the flag, and defense policy. Only the leaders were into 'the thing' European immunized against the virus of political adolescence. The statesmen brush with the likes of Helmut Schmidt German, or Italian Sandro Pertini, or Mitterrand himself, with all the grandeur and uniqueness of De Gaulle French legacy? was filing down the rough edges. NATO Meanwhile, in those critical days, was emphasizing his status as "the most formidable machinery of peace of all time" in the words of its General Secretary Manfred Woerner. Soviet traps to renew the aging fleet of SS-19 missiles by the SS-20, greater range and payload, the Allied counteroffensive unleashed. O becomes the status quo, and recovers the strategic balance, or Western missiles are replaced by the generation of the most destructive Cruise and Pershing.
It was a hot end to the cold war. The USSR could not stand the pressure. And its internal contradictions did implode the Soviet giant, whose embarrassments, and his great weakness, were exposed as the mummy of Tutankhamun motheaten for years, and it can be ascertained without any curse from beyond the grave.
This scenario had points of agreement with the Socialist victory of 1982. That PSOE had not yet detached from the consequences of secrecy and solitude in a Spain where civil war was not over in practice. Until the 1978 Constitution had survived the spirit of 39. From 1 April, exactly. Those "young Spanish nationalists" who spoke of the American press, the resounding electoral success shook successive slaps the realism. Felipe González feinted to go to see his first attempt rejection resign 'officially' doctrinaire Marxism at the XXVIII Congress.
Javier Solana (Madrid, July 14, 1942), professor of solid state physics (a very appropriate name for what came later), was appointed Minister of Culture (1982-1988), and to him, among other things, should Press the liquidation of the Movement, called the Transition State Press. With bids or cooperative formulas, informative striker of the old regime was quartered, exploded, and delivered, in large part, to private media companies. An effective way to democratize information. And probably, as some socialists claimed, an action that only they could do. "The right to have the insured had held the assignment to his own, as he has done with its large privatizations Aznar," said at a meeting of 'guerristas' a minister of those days. Pluralism reached the provinces.Where there was a journal of the Movement went on to have a 'product' democratic. The Spanish regional newspapers grew by independent publishers that approached the European model.
Diplomatic and competent
It was an effective minister in the ministries occupied, probably has been the most versatile. Spokesman Minister between 1985 and 1988, Minister of Education and Science from 1988 to 1992, and finally, the final springboard to Europe: Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1992 to 1995. In all functions deployed the 'spell Solana', which was nothing but a combination of efficiency, courtesy and diplomacy. In power, he honed his skills as a negotiator and best search for consensus. The truth is that sometimes has seemed a pied piper. When Felipe Gonzalez won the referendum itself to NATO on March 12, 1986, against the tactical opportunism Fraga, who against their ideas and promoted abstinence program, to defeat the socialist leader, and the definite no Communist left-Spain acquired a specific weight in the international arena and particularly in NATO and the European Union. 9,054,509 yeas titanic endorsed the campaign of Gonzalez. He not only won in Catalonia, Navarra, Basque Country and the province of Las Palmas. In total, 6,872,421 noes.
That was in March. The June 22 general elections are held and the socialist leader renews an absolute majority, but lost 18 seats. But back him nearly nine million citizens: 8901718.
The Universal Exposition of Seville and the Barcelona Olympics in 1992, V Centenary of the Discovery, with a process of industrial restructuring and economic and political progress placed Spain in a good position to take lots of power in international organizations. In the cycle of corruption in the final years of Philip Javier Solana was one of the politicians who maintained his image as a whole, to which it added its well-earned reputation for tireless worker, loyal European, born negotiator?
In 1995 Spain had the opportunity to occupy the general secretariat Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in a key moment in history ally. Defeated founding the great enemy, the USSR, the Warsaw Pact disappeared, dismembered Soviet Union, with a faltering Russian Federation, Yeltsin led a colorful, populist and lush, NATO had to update and redefine their goals. Reply back to the classic big questions in life: who we are, where we come from, where we want to go? The rapidly changing world. Europe saw with terror that immobilized, the outbreak in the Balkans. Would most prolific period ended the old and oft-troubled continent? Would the horror of war? Could it be the former Yugoslavia, united under the strong hand of Marshal Tito, a powder keg that blew all illusions again? How to contain the Serbs, and generally as deter hatreds between Serbs, Croats, Bosnians ..., how to make Russia go from being an enemy to be a friend and partner, how to convince their leaders that NATO was essential for its security even the Russians to new risks that clouded the horizon, radical Islam on its borders, or in some of its 'Tanes' mafias that could control failed states in its former republics of the Caucasus or Asia?
Antiatlantista and pacifist
The person chosen to steer this process was a pacifist and former antiatlantista: Javier Solana. The choice, however, is unanimously judged a great success. "It was a providential statesman", told me years later in Brussels, a senior French official.
On several occasions groups of Spanish journalists, along with other expeditions arrivals of individual members or by appointment countries to enter the organization, almost all of the former communist Europe, we were invited to exhausting days of study, including seminars, visit to key facilities such as the super base AWACS spy planes based in Geilenkirchen, west of the RFA, whose flight, with its huge radar in the back of the fuselage, have been frequent in the area of influence of the Canary Islands, and briefings with the general secretaries. I was at one with Manfred Woerner, in the tense moments of the deployment of cruise missiles, and another with Javier Solana.
In 1998 prenavidad Solana was in the Canaries. He lectured at the Santa Catalina, followed by a lively dinner conversation, with a commitment to confidentiality, and held several meetings with socialist leaders islanders who alternated with rest days in a hotel in the South. We were talking alone, a couple of hours, in a small, cozy lounge, with single and silent presence of the photographer Andres Cruz.
In the intro was drawn a little character profile. "The secretary general of NATO takes care over his words in public, he sells and exports Security and Cooperation. Flee therefore the confrontation and phrases outright. Among friends, or off the record, which is very comfortable and it goes frequently-expressed yet razor sharp and sincerity their opinions about the timing and circumstances that have lived, and actually considered historic and exciting. (?) is working hard Brussels constantly traveling to the most remote and troubled the world, but continues to live in Madrid, where he travels every weekend you can ... "
There are little things that change, that indeed progressing inappropriately. Christmas 1998, and a topical question then and now. Missing the enemy of the Urals' I said there are hot spots in Central Europe, but it seems that the increased risk may come from North Africa. There's the fundamentalist phenomenon (Islamic terrorism root) Algeria has an uncontrollable situation ...
Javier Solana became serious. He raised the palm of his right hand, to accompany a word of attention. "I'll be careful," he warned, "these matters". He left because the diplomat Solana, Solana that "takes care over his words in public," Solana which aimed to make friends, separating conflict states.
"I think many mistakes even semantics. I first of all let me say that we are working in what we might call stability export. Exporting stability to Central and Eastern Europe, but also countries that were former members Soviet Union, which are the countries of Central Asia, the Caucasus countries. You ask the south. With other countries in the Mediterranean shore I believe the European Union and NATO have a responsibility, but responsibility of friendship and positive cooperation. I do not think you have to see there opponents. Must see friendly countries with which one wants to work ... " and takes to explain everything that was being done, the Mediterranean dialogue that was launched in 1994 to Spanish initiative, recalls the Barcelona meeting, the first Euro-Mediterranean chair for him, and that opened a dialogue with different vectors : political, economic, cultural and security.
(Sixty-one years ago, on August 18, 1933, Manuel Azaña presided over the Council of Ministers of the Second Republic. Socialist Fernando de los Rios, Azaña account in his memoirs, "has told us of a great fantasy that has had (?) aims to take the lead in diplomatic talks to reach a deal Mediterranean ").
At night, after a busy dinner, open dialogue held with fifty guests, the subject of emigration, and was when he said a phrase repeated and then made a fortune for its simplicity and almost plastic expressiveness: "O resources flow from north to south, or people flow from south to north."
In 2003, when the king of Morocco promoted a reform agenda, Solana again demonstrated his skills as visualization of the future: the best protection for our security is a world of well-governed democratic states. The best means of strengthening the international order Spreading good governance, supporting social and political reform, fighting corruption or abuse of power, establishing the rule of law and protect human rights. "Quote from the European Strategy drafted and was signed by the governments of the 27. can guess the root of the Arab Spring. Though this text that the 27 raised for internal action has been the strongest attacks from within: the neoliberal reforms that take advantage of crises collide each of these principles. Europe is doing to himself otherwise than advisable for others.
That day in the parlor talk of Hotel Santa Catalina, the secretary general of NATO and future Mr. CFSP, categorically rejected fears that a strengthening of the role of the Alliance, but Atlantic archipelago could create problems with the neighboring countries, as argued by some parties of nationalism and left more or less radically opposed to the desire for peace of the Canary Islands. It was clear. "At the end of the twentieth century all have the same vocation, the vocation of peace. Now does not make sense to consider a country to be neutral.? Neutral versus what? Fortunately there are (already) adversaries, no blocks. Tried to transform time of the confrontation in the era of collaboration. (...) Today, on the contrary, not being in that collective security scheme is to try to isolate and provide what each can contribute to building peace and building stability. " Another time-and remember this was his success that NATO-maintained special relations with Russia and Ukraine, "a core country for European security", and had built more than thirty countries in the Partnership for Peace.
No doubt his perfect command of English, studied between 1965 and 1970 in several U.S. universities on a Fulbright scholarship, and his fluent French, thanks to friction in Brussels, were an essential tool for your personal contact strategy with hundreds of rulers and world leaders. He was in over one hundred countries, some up to a dozen times. Europe, Africa, Middle East, Asia, the Americas, from Canada to the southern tip ... It is reputed that his agenda has private numbers of all the leaders who had been learning. In America he studied with Nicolas Cabrera exiled physicist at the University of Virginia, one of the sons of the canary Blas Cabrera, born in Arrecife in 1878, and recognized worldwide as one of the most important Spanish scientists in history.
The then Secretary General of NATO, which maintained close relations with the White House, had participated in the demonstrations against the Vietnam War. It was a very active student leader: became president of the Association of Foreign University.
The March 24, 1999 NATO aircraft (acronym) bombed targets in the former Yugoslavia in the Kosovo war call. A thousand planes, taking off mainly from Italian bases and Tomahawk missiles launched from the air or from ships and submarines, crushed Serb troops who carried out a ruthless ethnic cleansing. On June 10, with the surrender of Slobodan Milosevic ended operations, which in turn served notice to mariners.
In the tranquility of the cozy snug Hotel Santa Catalina, that December 1998, exactly three months before these events of war, the man who was going to end with all the means at its disposal to cruelty unleashed in the Balkans spoke of their efforts . "... Yes, it is a new covenant in the sense that it has new missions," he warned."Perhaps the clearest examples (?) Is the fact that we are trying to bring peace to Bosnia, something unthinkable a few years ago, and we are involved in the peace of Kosovo would be equally impossible. (?) The Alliance opens, opens as the EU, the countries of central and eastern Europe to try to actually rebuild the divided Europe. "
Retired from frontline politics leads Barcelona Chair in Leadership and Democratic Governance in Esade, without losing sight, "even not a second" as a partner confesses, European news, which saddens him safely. His phone rings as usual, in both directions.